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sathuragiri temple History, Images – sathuragiri hills – sathuragiri mahalingam malai Temple Photos

sathuragiri temple History - Sathuragiri Hills Images - sathuragiri hills - sathuragiri mahalingam malai Temple Photos

Sathuragiri Temple History – Sathuragiri Temple Images – Sathuragiri Hills – Sathuragiri Mahalingam Malai Temple Photos

Sathuragiri Malai (Hill) or Mahalingam Temple – Holy place of 18 Siddhas

India is a popular nation best known for its cultural Heritage and Ethical values. We the people of India are closely attached to nature and hence we tend to believe the ancients scripts like Sangam literature. Sangam Literature is one fine documentation which describes the early history of India according to which the land is divided into five landscapes (Ainthinai) – Marudham (Seashore), Mullai (Forest region), Kurinji (Mountains), Neidhal (Croplands), and Paalai (Deserts). Amongst all, Kurinji holds the special significance which actually refers to the landscape of mountains. Our India is full of mountains and valleys. The most famous mountains in our India are the Himalayas, Kailash mountain, Mantira Mountain, Podhigai mountain, etc.

sathuragiri temple - chathuragiri Hills - Sathuragiri Hills Mahalingam malai Temple
sathuragiri temple – chathuragiri Hills – Sathuragiri Hills Mahalingam malai Temple

 

Other than these mountains, there is a mountain which is not known by many people but its special features and divine values are highly significant than any other mountains in India. It is Sadhuragiri (Mahalingam Mountain). Chathuragiri or Sadhuragiri temple is a religious place of Tamilnadu nearby Srivilliputhur famous for its wonderful features. The god of the Sathuragiri hills is Lord Sundaramahalinga Swamy. The challenging part is the journey from down to Chathuragiri hilltop. Nobody could have imagined such an incredible journey which covers more than 5000 footsteps to worship a single God. Interesting isn’t it? Even more fascinating facts, history, the significance of Sathuragiri hills, Mooligai specialties are scripted below. Scroll down and get mesmerized with unbelievable truths.

sathuragiri temple History - Sathuragiri Hills Images - sathuragiri hills - sathuragiri mahalingam malai Temple Photos
sathuragiri temple History – Sathuragiri Hills Images – sathuragiri hills – sathuragiri mahalingam malai Temple Photos

Sathuragiri Hill Temple (Siddha Temple) – Remarkable place and the tedious Journey

Sathuragiri Mahalingam temple is located in the Western Ghats near Srivilliputhur. The temple is situated on top of Sathuragiri hills – “Sathuram” means square and “Giri” means Hill. Another meaning for “Chathur” is “4 Vedas” and it literally indicates that the hills are formed by the meeting of four Vedas. The spiritual site is also known by different names like Menugiri/Merugiri, Mahalingagiri, Siddhagiri, Kailasagiri, Indiragiri, Brahmagiri, Sarvalogagiri, Suriyagiri, Yamagiri/Yemagiri, Sakthigiri, Udayagiri, Sivagiri, Sanjivigiri/Sathuragiri. Sathuragiri hills are square shaped hills which will make you travel for about 8 kilometers to reach the God on top. There will be an idol of Lingam present i.e, Sundara Mahalingam. The specialty of Sadhuragiri is its natural resources. The mountain is full of herbs and medicinal plants (Mooligai Thavarangal).

Sathuragiri temple History - Sathuragiri Hills Images - sathuragiri hills herbals - sathuragiri mahalingam malai Temple Photos - Dhavasipara Navagraham
Sathuragiri temple History – Sathuragiri Hills Images – sathuragiri hills herbals – sathuragiri mahalingam malai Temple Photos – Dhavasipara Navagraham

While traveling from down to top via several steps, you can see lots of herbs and medicinal plants in the surrounding. Many Siddha specialists say that the forest can give medicines for all kinds of diseases including the diseases like Leprosy, Aids, Cancer, etc. If a man comes to Sadhuragiri with the only one intention of worshipping the deities Sundara Mahalingam and Santhana Mahalingam then the God will take care of him which is his duty. There will be many obstacles in the path of steep rocks. The path will not be smooth and safe. It takes nearly 3 to 4 hours to reach the top for an ordinary person. But God will not allow his followers to suffer and he will take care of the people. In the Sadhuragiri forest, if we miss the correct way, God will help us in the form of Dogs. Dogs will guide us through the way. But after reaching the temple they will disappear. There are many real experiences regarding this. Many people experience the help of God in many ways and forms.

sathuragiri santhana mahalingam Images - sathuragiri temple History - Sathuragiri Hills Photos
sathuragiri santhana mahalingam Images – sathuragiri temple History – Sathuragiri Hills Photos

Religious Specialties and Significance of Sathuragiri Hill Temple (Mooligai Malai Kovil) – Origin, History & Spirituals

sathuragiri temple History images - sathuragiri hills santhana mahalingam Temple Photos
sathuragiri temple History images – sathuragiri hills santhana mahalingam Temple Photos

In medieval times, Sathuragiri or Chathuragiri was known as UdayaGiriNathar. In that place called Udayagirinathar, a large area of land belonged to the affluent landlords. An old Lord Shiva temple was situated in one of those lands. At that time, an elder priest took care of that temple. Adjacent to the temple, a stream alike Agaya Ganga Theertham at Sathuragiri was running. At present, the temple is under the control of Tamilnadu forest department. We cannot visit the temple in the ordinary days. After the flood in the year 2014, Forest rangers prohibits the people’s visit during the weekdays. The visitors are allowed to visit the temple during all Full moon days (Pournami) and no moon days (Ammavasai). Special and grand celebrations will be conducted during Maha Sivarathiri and Aadi Ammavasai.

sathuragiri temple History images - sathuragiri hills santhana maha Devi Temple Photos
sathuragiri temple History images – sathuragiri hills santhana maha Devi Temple Photos

Especially during these two days, Sadhuragiri will look like a congestion city. More than ten Lakh people will be present in and around there thus making a chaos. There is a very significant thing to be noted i.e., there are no basic facilities like cell networks, restrooms, rooms, food hotels. In spite of all these obstacles, lakhs and lakhs of people continue to worship God Sundara Mahalingam. This is because Sadhuragiri God Lord Santhana Mahalingam fulfills all the wishes of the people. Besides all these specialties, Mahalinga mountain is full of mysteries and adventures. It is believed that there are many sages who meditate here for many years. People said that only blessed people can get the blessing of Sages. The air we breathe in Sadhuragiri is a blessing. This can cure our disease. If we have the blessing of seeing and worshipping Santhana Mahalingam and Sundara Mahalingam only we can reach Sathuragiri. Not everyone can worship the God situated at Sadhuragiri.

Sathuragiri or Chathuragiri Lord Mahalingam Temple – Miraculous temple in India

We people are not aware of our nation’s treasure. We simply travel to another country and admires the beauty of others. We are having all the treasure within our country which is the pioneer of the world civilization. Many treasures are hidden in our nation. Sadhuragiri is one among them that is of great value amongst our own temples but unfortunately not known by most of our people. “Mooligai Maruthuvam” or Ayurvedic treatments can be made easily with the shrubs and herbs of this medicine rich forest of Sadhuragiri. This essay is just an attempt to show off the specialties of our land’s God “Sadhuragiri”. Hope, you have gained a good knowledge about our prestigious temple of India. Despite those said above, there are many specialties in Sadhuragiri. Everyone must visit here once during Aadi Ammavasa and Mahasivaratri to get the complete blessings of Sundara Mahalingam and Santhana Mahalingam.

Tiruvannamalai Girivalam Dates and Time, Calendar 2017

Tiruvannamalai Girivalam Dates and Time Calendar 2017 - Thiruvannamalai Girivalam Calendar 2017

Tiruvannamalai Girivalam Dates – Arulmigu Arunachaleswarar Temple – Annamalaiyar Temple Thiruvannamalai – Tiruvannamalai Temple

Tiruvannamalai Temple – Tiruvannamalai Girivalam Dates and Time, Calendar 2017

MonthDayGirivalam Start TimeGirivalam End Time
12-01-2017Thu11-01 07.58 PM12-01 06:11 PM
10-02-2017Fri10-02 08:02 AM11-02 06:58 AM
12-03-2017Sun11-03 08.56 PM12-03 08.50 PM
11-04-2017Tue10-04 10.53 AM11-04 11.47 AM
10-05-2017Wed10-05 01.46 AM11-05 03.27 AM
09-06-2017Fri08-06 05.24 PM09-06 07.31 PM
09-07-2017Sun08-07 08.45 AM09-07 10.26 AM
07-08-2017Mon06-08 11.32 PM07-08 11.55 PM
06-09-2017Wed05-09 01.01 AM06-09 01.03 AM
05-10-2017Thu04-10 01.35 AM05-10 12.40 AM
04-11-2017Sat03-11 01.20 AM04-11 11.40 AM
03-12-2017Sun02-12 11.45 AM03-12 10.23 PM

Tiruvannamalai Girivalam Calendar 2017, Thiruvannamalai Girivalam Dates Time 2017, Girivalam Today, Girivalam 2017 Dates and Timings

Sabarimala Temple Opening Dates 2017 to 2018

Sabarimala Temple Opening Dates 2017 to 2018

Sri Sabarimala Ayyappa Swamy Temple Opening and Closing Dates and Time 2017 – 2018

Sabarimala Temple Opening Dates

MonthPoojaOpening DateClosing DateOpening Time
JanuaryMakaravilakku Day14/01/2017
FebruaryMonthly Pooja – Kumbham12/02/201717/02/20175 PM - 10 PM
MarchMonthly Pooja – Meenam14/03/201719/03/20175 PM - 10 PM
Sabarimala Utsavam30/03/201709/04/20175 PM - 10 PM
Kodiyettu31/03/2017
Painkuni Uthram (Ayyappan Nakshatra Birth Date) & Arattu09/04/2017
AprilMeda Vishu Festival10/04/201718/04/20175 PM - 10 PM
Vishu14/04/2017
MayMonthly Pooja – Edavam14/05/201719/05/20175 PM - 10 PM
JuneIdol Installation Pooja03/06/201704/6/20175 PM - 10 PM
Idol Installation Day04/06/2017
Monthly Pooja – Midhunam14/06/201719/06/20175 PM - 10 PM
JulyMonthly Pooja – Karkkidakam16/07/201721/07/20175 PM - 10 PM
AugustMonthly Pooja – Chingam16/08/201721/08/20175 PM - 10 PM
SeptemberOnam Pooja02/09/201706/09/20175 PM - 10 PM
Onam Day04/09/2017
Monthly Pooja – Kanni16/09/201721/09/20175 PM - 10 PM
OctoberMonthly Pooja – Thulam16/10/201721/10/20175 PM - 10 PM
Sree Chithra Atta Thirunal18/10/201719/10/20175 PM - 10 PM
NovemberMandala Pooja Maholsavam15/11/201726/12/20175 PM - 10 PM
Madala Pooja26/12/2017
DecemberThirunada opens for Makaravilakku30/12/201720-01-20185 PM - 7 AM
January 2018Makaravilakku Day14/01/2018

Sabarimala Opening Dates 2017, Sabarimala Temple Opening Dates 2017, Sabarimala Temple Opening Dates 2017 to 2018, Sabarimala Temple Opening Dates 2017 – 2018

Sabarimala Lord Ayyapan Temple – Holy Place of Hariharan

Sabarimala Sree Dharma Sastha Temple of Kerala is the temple dedicated to Lord Ayyapan and is a renowned temple by its significance. The temple is located in Pathanamthitta district on top of the mountain which is about 3000 Feet above sea level. The major specialty of Sabarimala Ayyapan temple is that the temple is OPEN TO ALL who visits the temple during the opening dates and closing dates. Another fascinating fact of the temple is that the holy place will not be open throughout the year. It is open for worship and darshan which will be conducted during the opening days of Makaravilakku, Mandalapooja, and Chitra Vishu.

Every pilgrim who wants to worship Lord Ayyapa at Sabarimala needs to do a 41 Day fasting and cleanliness procedure. After 41 days, the pilgrim has to travel through the most tedious and difficult path of spines and stones to reach the temple. Want to know more amazing facts about Sabarimala Ayyapan temple? Just scroll down the cursor to find out the brief history of Lord Ayyapa, details of pooja like Makaravilakku pooja, Mandalapooja and Chitra Vishu, Sabarimala temple opening & closing Dates, distance, travel, and much more.

Legend & History of Lord Ayyapan – Son of Lord Vishnu & Lord Shiva

How was Lord Ayyapan born?

Lord Ayyapan is a graceful God who sits in the penance position in the temple and showers his incomparable blessings to everyone. Lord Ayyapan is known by several names such as Aiyappan
Ayyappan, Bhoolokanathan, Bhoothanathan, Dharmasastha, Erumelivasan, Harihar, Hariharaatmaja, Hariharan, Hariharaputra, Hariharasuthan, Kaliyugavaradhan, Karuna Sagar, Lakshmanapranadata, Lankapuravidahaka, Lokapujya, Manikantan, Pambavasan, Pandalavasan, Ponmala, Sabareesh, Sabareeshwara, Sabari, Sabari Girish, Shri Jagadeesh, and Veeramani. Lord Ayyapa is born by slaying a monstrous demon called Magishi. The deep history of Ayyapan is as follows: A Sovereign King called Rajashekara Pandian was ruling the Pandya Dynasty of Pandalam Nadu. He is a sincere devotee of Lord Shiva. The King had no heir to inherit his throne since he was displeased for being childless.

At the same time, the demon Magishi continuously persecuted the Rishis since their prayers are the reasons for her brother Magishasuran’s death. Magishi got the strong power and blessing from Brahma. Lord Vishnu switched his appearance into a girl called Mohini and saved the Rishis. Lord Shiva who heard about Mohini rushed to see her and fell in love with her instantly. As a result of their love, a baby boy was born. Lord Shiva thought of offering this baby to his profound devotee King Rajashekara Pandian. So, he kept his child with the gold bell around the neck nearby Pamba river.

King noticed the baby and at the same time a yogi came and said that the baby was named as “Manikandan”. As advised by the Yogi, he grew up him as his own child. As he was growing, Manikandan learned all the martial arts and excelled in sashtras which were unbelievable. In the Opening stage, Manikandan was the super smart child who seemed to possess the super special characteristics.

The Truth Revealed about Manikandan

King Rajashekar and his Queen both were happy & proud of their son Manikandan. After some years, the Queen gave birth to a boy called as Rajarajan. Diwan – a person who planned to acquire the throne hated Manikandan from the beginning itself. Diwan took several steps to kill Manikandan but failed in his every attempt. Finally, he plotted to brainwash the Queen and made her act like a patient. She became the prey for his trap and also, Diwan told the doctor to nod heads to his words. The physician, as instructed, said that the headache problem of the Queen can only be cured by a tigress’s milk.

He somewhat turned the situation favorable to his side and made Manikandan travel to the forest. King Rajashekar sent his boy along with some weapons and guards to the forest through the gate opening of the palace. On his way, he finds the demon Magishi (Mahisi) who ruins the life of people and the Yogis. He took off her life and danced on top of her chest on the banks of Azhutha River. This created a large impact amongst the Devas and was witness by Lord Shiva & Mahavishnu. Thereafter, he moved his way to the tigress for getting the milk (the medicine for the Queen). At that instance, Lord Shiva appeared before him and asked him to go to the palace with Lord Devendra in the form of the tiger. When he reached, everyone was shocked to see Manikandan’s ride on the tiger.

Just then, the Rishi who met before when he was a child appeared and the truth opening about Manikandan happened. King Rajashekar was shockingly surprised and fell to his feet as a sign of apologies. He asked Manikandan to tell a place where his temple needs to be built for an opening. Manikandan threw an arrow which struck at Sabari. After then, King built the temple in a grandeur manner with 18 holy steps as instructed by the Lord Ayyapan. Till now, people are worshipping Lord Ayyan during the opening dates & closing dates every year to get the blessings from the Lord.

Sabarimala Sree Dharma Sasta Temple – History, Facts, Legend, Opening & Closing Date

Sabarimala Sree Dharma Sasta Temple is one of the famous temples in India and is known for the Ayyapan worship. The temple will not be open for all time. The opening & Closing dates are clearly defined & only at that time you can really view the Lord Ayyapan. The important feature of this temple is that the blessing is common for everyone irrespective of all the differences in human. The basic legend that prevailed in Sabarimala Ayyapan Temple is that it was laid out in accordance with the instructions of the Lord Manikandan himself.

According to that, only a person who performs fasting and leads a life like a Bachelor leaving all the desires, family and tastes for 41 days will be blessed whole-heartedly by the Lord Ayyapan. As a custom, Only men are allowed to visit inside of the Ayyapan temple. Also, the small girls are allowed who have not undergone puberty stage. Ladies are usually not allowed to visit the temple since they cannot fast with cleanliness for the 41 days. Old Ladies who have crossed the menopause stage can enter the temple as they can abide by the principles of the Lord Aiyappan.

Kovil Sanidhanam & Holy 18 Steps of Sabarimala Ayyapan Temple, Kerala

In Kerala, the temple stands on an elevated plain of about 40 feet high thereby giving a beautiful picturesque of the mountains and the valleys below. Now, the entire square of Sabarimala temple comprises a sanctum sanctorium with four golden finials at the top, the Belikalpura housing, two mandapams, and the ‘kodimaram’ or the flag staff in the front of the sanidhanam. The idol of Lord Ayyapan is about one & half feet tall and lies within the Sannidhanam which is made out of Panchaloha (an amalgam of five metals). Lord Ayyapan can only be viewed and worshiped during the opening dates & closing dates. The one significant feature of Sabarimala temple is the Pathinettam Padi (18 Holy steps).

As per the tradition, the people who fasted for 41 days will finally carry the Irumudi on their head and will be allowed to use the steps to worship the lord. Each step has its special importance. The first five steps symbolize the five human senses (Panchendriyas) – vision, hearing, taste, touch and smell. The next eight steps represent the eight Ashtaragas – Love, Anger, Lust, Pride, Avarice, Jealousy, Unhealthy Competition, and Boastfulness. The following three steps symbolize the three Gunas – discernment, enjoyment, stupor. The final two steps symbolize knowledge and ignorance. The pilgrims can only worship the Lord after traveling through the 18 Holy steps that too only on the opening dates.

Kerala Sabarimala Ayyapan Temple Festival Calendar – Opening & Closing Dates 2017-2018

Sabarimala Ayyapan is worshiped every year by millions of pilgrims. Lord Ayyapan temple opening dates, closing dates along with the ritual timings are listed below. Take a look before studying the importance of festival at Sabarimala Ayyapan Temple.

Makaravilakku Pooja or Puja at Sabarimala

Makaravilakku puja is celebrated in Sabarimala Ayyapan temple every year on January 14, 2017, and it is the important opening date of the temple. It is also called as the Makar Sankranti. The highlight of the Puja is the light of Makarajothi (Light of the lord) which is being lit on the Horizon of Ponnambala Medu. It is witnessed by millions of devotees. Makaravilakku pooja will be celebrated for 7 days starting from 14th January. Dharma Sastha temple will be kept open for all those days from morning till night.

One most important part of the pooja is the procession of Lord Ayyapan’s sacred jewelry which will be taken from the Pandalam palace along the streets of the area. Thousands of people will congregate to see the jewelry which will be carried by the priest in a vehicle. Makkaravilakku Pooja ceremony will be conducted in Manimandapam near Lord Durgadevi shrine. After the Puja, Malikappurath Amma will be taken a procession on an elephant’s back and returns back to the Sabarimala Ayyapan temple. This way the pooja will be celebrated in a magnificent manner at Sabarimala during the opening date of Makaravilakku.

Mandala Pooja at Sabarimala

Mandala Pooja is a famous celebration at Sabarimala Ayyapan temple. The pooja will be performed for a period of 41 days starting from the 1st day of Malayalam month of Vrishchikam. During the mandala pooja period, the devotees will make a pilgrimage to the Lord Ayyappan’s Shrine at Sabarimala. Mandala Pooja signifies 41 days of austerities. Mala(ball garland) will be worn by the devotee who has to take up Vrutham or austerities for the next 41 days. Main Mandala pooja happens on the 41st day in which the Mala will be removed thus ending the fasting. Closing date of the pooja can be calculated from our listed table of contents.

Chitra Vishu Darshan & Pooja

Vishu Darshan & Pooja will be held at Sabarimala Ayyapan temple on April 14th. It is the first day of Chithirai month of Tamil Calendar. But, the Ayyappa temple will be opened for the Vishu festival from April 10th itself. The opening date of the Ayyapan temple for Vishu Darshan is on April 10th. Every day, Neyyabishekam will be performed to the Vishukani followed by routine rituals and poojas. During the Neyyabhishekam between 3 to 7 AM, the temple will be opened and devotees are allowed to worship the Lord Ayyapan. Vishu Darshan is one important festival at Sabarimala and the opening date forVishu darshan is between April 10th to April 18th. The closing date will be on April 18th and the doors of Sabarimala temple for Vishu Darshan will be closed at 10 PM.

Sabarimala Lord Ayyapan Temple – A Must Visit Holy Place in India

Kerala Sabarimala Ayyapan Temple is a renowned religious place of India being visited by lakhs and lakhs of visitors every year to get the darshan of Lord Ayyapan. The temple has the beautiful authentic style of architecture and well-organized schedule for opening and closing of the temple. During the important festivals like Makaravilakku, Onam, Vishu festival, Sabarimala temple will be opened. The celebration of festivals is highly recognized among the people of South India. Almost all the people who enter into the temple will wear a black colored dress as a tradition. Also, Vibuthi is the prasad given after worshiping Lord Ayyapan. Foods can be got at considerably low rates for the ease of the pilgrims.

Also, accommodation facilities are available for the devotees to rest at reasonable prices. Online booking and reservation are also accessible for our Lord Ayyapan temple. Sabarimala Sree Dharma Sasta Temple is one of the best pilgrimage sites to visit in South India. Keep in mind that only a men, small boy or a girl can get into the complex of the temple as a custom. Hope so, all the information provided above has benefited you in an effective way. On the whole, Sabarimala Lord Ayyapan Temple is a must-visit holy place in India and do visit if chances are favorable.

SooraSamharam SuraSamharam – Festival of Lord Murugan Famous at Tiruchendur

SooraSamharam SuraSamharam – Festival of Lord Murugan Famous at Tiruchendur

SuraSamharam aka SooraSamharam – Famous Festival of Lord Murugan

Soorasamharam is a ritual practice followed in Thiruchendur which interprets the killing of Asuras by Lord Murugan. ‘Sooran’ is the name of the demon and ‘Samharam’ refers to the act of killing. Generally, this practice is performed in Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka and in some Murugan temples of Kerala. According to the history, this festival has been grandly celebrated in Thiruvannur Subramanya Swami temple in Kozhikode, Kerala for more than a century. Sooranpada is the name by which they call Soorasamharam in Kerala.

History of Soorasamhaaram (Sura Samharam Story )

Soorasamharam was celebrated according to Tamil Calendar and this year it falls on November 5. This divine act known as Soorasamharam is conducted on the account of Lord Muruga beheading Soorapadman with his ‘Vel’. On the day, devotees enjoy the victory of good over evil. The very next day, Thirukalyanam will be performed which portrays the divine marriage of Lord Muruga and Devasena. These are the acts which are taken from the Kandhapuranam.

According to Skanda Purana, the Surapadma has a battle of demons under his control. Two of the demons namely Simhamukha and Tarakasura were sued by the Devas. They continued harassing the human and committed Adharma everywhere. Lord Brahma, the demigods, and humans prayed to Lord Shiva to come forward and put a full stop to the demons. At that time, Lord Muruga was born to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Lord Murugan was very powerful and was a great commander for all the Devas. He was so brave and destroys people who do adharma.

In the same way, Lord Muruga came to battle with the demons. The fight took place continuously for six days. It is not that Lord Muruga was not powerful to kill him at that instant. Everything happens only at the assigned time. Likewise, it happened and Lord Muruga killed all the demons and assistants of Padmasura. On the last day, serious and a long fight took place between Muruga and Soorapadman. Ultimately, Lord Murugan pierced Surapadman’s body with his weapon (Vel). Then also, he didn’t die completely.

Surapadma transformed himself into a big mango tree. He thought himself to be too brilliant. But, of course, what happened was not a surprise. Lord Muruga broke the trees into two pieces with his powerful weapon. The two pieces then changed into a peacock and cock. Lord Muruga sat back on the peacock ( his vahana or vehicle ) and he gave a place for the cock on his banner. This event is popularly known as Soorasamharam.

Celebration of Soorasamharam ( Kandha Sasti Kavasam )

In Tamil Nadu, Soorasamhaaram is a festival celebrated every year by a large number of devotees. The state government and Indian Railways ply special buses and trains to facilitate people in traveling to the temple. The Sooranporu was based on the story of Murugan as given in Kandhapuranam. A few days before commencing Soorasamharam, the skandhapuranam is narrated in the temple.

Soorasamhaaram is preceded by several procedures before the ending of Kanda Sashti festival. Specific Poojas will be conducted and Lord Murugan is ritually anointed (abhishekam). The devotees seek the deity’s Darshan. In some parts of Tamil Nadu, women do fasting for six days and they break at the end of the Soorasamhaaram. In Palani, Lord Murugan is taken down for a procession from the hill temple to the main road before the festival. Kanda Shasti is the sixth day from new moon day. These are the Poojas which will be conducted on the account of Kanda Sasti festival.

Thiruchendur Yaga Salai Pooja

During this season devotees get crowded in almost all the Lord Murugan’s temples and especially high number at the seashore temple in Thiruchendur. The function will begin with yaga salai puja and to initiate the function, a sacred flag will be hoisted in many places. The following event will be kappu kattuthal or sacred thread tying practice. Generally, the Priests will be doing the tying activity to all the devotees after having done with the pooja. Devotees with kappu in hand need to stay in the temple until the end of the festival.

Kandha Sasti Fasting

A lot of devotees especially women will observe fasts during the six days. You can take fruits alone, or some milk and liquid foods, and even some take one meal per day. It all depends on a devotee’s choice. There are possibilities that some devotees will fast only for the single day that too on the sixth day.

Many spiritual lectures will be taking place for day and night in temples. Reading of Kanda Puranam, chanting the hymns of Murugan will happen. Mainly Kanda Sasti Kavacham will be chanted on all six days. Special Poojas along with abhishekam, archanai, and deeparadhanai will be done on a daily basis. In some temples, Laksarchanai will also be conducted to Muruga.

Skandha Puranam and Soorasamharam

Skandha Puranam will be chanted by the devotees during the Poojas. The festival clearly gives a picture of killing the four Asuras Anamughan, Panumughan, Simhamughan, and Soorapadman. The last one to be killed is the Soorapadman or Padmasura. The Asuras are decapitated by Lord Murugan using his Vel (Weapon) which looks like a kind of spear or javelin.Before starting all this, the vel is consecrated and the ceremony takes place like Lord Murugan placing vel on Padmasura’s head and thereby it falls off on the ground. Soorasamhaaram is performed at the last week of Kanda Sashti festival.

Significance of Soorasamharam – Victory of Good over Evil

Soorasamharam own a peculiar religious significance, especially for Tamilians. The awesomeness of this day is cleared mentioned in Hindu scripture of ‘Skanda Puranam’. It is essential for every Hindu-Tamilian to visit the temple and get the Lord’s blessings. Every participant in the festival will find the enjoyment in the celebration. That, in turn, will automatically make you attend the function every year. It will be a real treat and pleasure for people to see all this. The only thing is the crowd which can cause some inconvenience. But, keeping Lord Muruga in mind, all the pains will disappear. Do visit this wonderful place of Thiruchendur Murugan temple which is one of the six abodes of Murugan.

Thai Pongal Celebrations in Tamil Nadu – Tamilar Thirunal Tamil Harvest Festival

Thai Pongal 2017 - Tamil Harvest Festival 2017 - Ulavar Thirunal 2017 - Tamilar Thirunal 2017 - Pongal Celebrations

Thai Pongal 2017 – Tamil Harvest Festival 2017 – Ulavar Thirunal 2017 – Tamilar Thirunal 2017 – Pongal Celebrations

FestivalDate
Pogi Pongal13-01-2017
Thai Pongal14-01-2017
Mattu Pongal15-01-2017
Kaanum Pongal16-01-2017

Tamil People’s Traditional Harvest Festival  – Tamilar Thirunal Pongal Celebrations in Tamil Nadu

Thai Pongal Celebrations in Tamil Nadu - Tamilar Thirunal Tamil People's Traditional Harvest Festival

Pongal is a Tamil people’s traditional festival celebrated by Hindus for annual harvest in Tamil Nadu. Pongal Celebrations in Tamil Nadu is preceded by worshiping Sun god with utmost reverence and thankfulness. In precise Pongal is rejoiced for the agricultural profusion offered by god during one full year. Pongal literally means ‘overflow’ in Tamil which symbolizes the overflow of wealth, joy, and prosperity within a family. Pongal is a 4-day cultural and traditional festival of Tamil people celebrated from last day of Tamil month Margazhi to the first three days of Tamil month Thai. Each day of Pongal celebration in Tamil Nadu has its own historic and cultural importance. Copious happiness along with strong family bonding is developed with this event. Pongal is mostly celebrated by the Tamil people of Tamil Nadu and hence also called as ‘Tamizhar Thirunaal’ meaning Tamil people’s traditional festival.

Significance of Pongal Celebrations in Tamil Nadu

Every festival has its own significance and history. Of that Pongal is a festival of Sangam age. Pongal festival is celebrated for four days. All the four days are celebrated with immense joy and pleasure all around. Margazhikolam is the specialty in houses during Pongal celebration in Tamil Nadu. Kolam is nothing but different patterns drawn using rice flour and colored in front of the gate or in portigo. Houses are cleaned and whitewashed to welcome the Goddess of wealth during the festive time. It is one of the famous tradition and culture followed by Tamil people in Tamil Nadu. In the top of the front doors mango leaves and turmeric are hanged as a part of traditional practice.Doors are decorated with turmeric and Kumkumam. These are the sequences followed by Tamil people in the Pongal celebration in Tamil Nadu.

Thai Pongal Festival Days

The four different days of the Pongal festival include

  • Bhogi
  • Thai Pongal
  • Maatu Pongal
  • Kaanum Pongal

Pongal Bhogi Festival

Bhogi is the first day of Pongal which is on last day of the Tamil month Margazhi. Bhogi is dedicated to Lord Indra for the blessing of abundant rain. Lord Indra is the God of the sky and precious rains. Tamil Devotees offer veneration to god by presenting sweets and foods before god. Bhogi is celebrated with a concept – ‘dispose old possessions to welcome new comings’. On this day people used to burn their old belongings in the daybreak. It is believed that this will erase the bad happenings thereby create a new beginning of blissfulness into one’s life. Along with that burn flames, Tamil people used to dance as a part of Pongal celebration in Tamil Nadu to express their contentment.

Thai Pongal

Thai is the tenth month of Tamil calendar. It falls either on 13th or 15th of January on a regular basis. Pongal is a holy festival celebrated on the first day of this month and hence termed as Thai Pongal. This day marks the second day of Pongal ceremony. Pongal is the name of the Tamil people’s food which is prepared during the Pongal days.

Preparation and serving of Pongal (food)

The Pongal cuisine is cooked in a small earthen pot with ginger and turmeric wound around the pot. The first harvested paddy is used for cooking rice. Rice along with jaggery, cashews, cardamom, etc are mixed and boiled in rice to get the delicious Pongal. The recipes of Pongal celebration will be overflowing out of the pots which signify a good sign of growth. When it overflows people used to scream ‘Pongalo Pongal’ to express their happiness.
Two types of Pongal are prepared namely Venn Pongal and Sweet Pongal which are made my Tamil people during the Pongal celebration. Food preparation is made in front of the sunlight and dedicated to the Sun god. Hence Thai Pongal is also known as Surya Pongal. On both the sides of the god sugarcanes are kept which is the essential portion of the festival. Only after offering prayers to god foods are tasted by the devotees. Tamil Folks of Tamil Nadu wear new traditional clothes and go to temples in the morning in reverence to god.

Maatu Pongal – Bull Pongal – Cow Pongal

Maatu Pongal (Festival of Cows) falls on the second day of Thai month. As the name indicates Maatu Pongal means ‘Pongal festival of cows’. Cows are decorated in a grand manner as well as their horns are painted in Tamil people’s houses. Garlands made of flowers, colorful beads and leaves are worn around the Cow’s head. Even loud sound bells are tied to the rope of cows to generate more rings. Those who are having cows will do this on a yearly basis. After all that decorations they are worshiped by lighting a lamp in front of their legs as a part of Pongal celebration. The customs are followed to show their gratitude by proffering chow to the cows which sacrifice a lot for human beings. Following that in the evening, cows are taken out for a round in their respective towns or villages of Tamil Nadu to show off delight. This marks the end of the Pongal celebration of this day in Tamil Nadu.

Jallikattu & its Importance on Maatu Pongal

Jallikattu or Sallikattu is the traditional game of Dravidian played in Tamil Nadu. “Salli” means coins and “Kattu” means “to tie”. Together it means tieing coins to the bull’s horns. The Bullfighter needs to embrace the bull for a particular distance and take the coins to win the award prize. “Maatu Pongal” stands to be the cultural festival of praising cattle. Hence, in many places of Tamil Nadu, Jallikattu events will be conducted as a part of the celebration.The most famous one is the Alanganallur Jallikattu near Madurai. It is one of the renowned sports of ancient Tamil Nadu that prevailed for years together. But, it was banned by the Supreme Court recently according to the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act. This was the most unexpected action taken by the Government of India. As a true Tamil blood, we need to strive hard in some possible way to bring back Jallikattu in Tamil Nadu.

Kaanum Pongal or Uzhavar Thirunal

Last day of the Pongal celebration is known as Kaanum Pongal in Tamil Nadu. Kaanum means ‘to visit’ which means to visit their relatives’ houses and go outing with them. That is, there exists a get-together of different family members residing at various places. Apart from the above, there will be many gift exchanges among the societal members to celebrate Tamil people’s traditional festival. The gifts include food, clothes and household items which are useful. All the picnic spots and tourist places will be filled by hundreds of thousands of people. An added beauty of the Pongal celebration in Tamil Nadu is that Tamil people’s game play activities like Jallikattu, Gummi, Kabaddi and other village sports.These games are played only by the Tamil people to celebrate their traditional festival of Pongal.

Pongal – A Cultural Festival dedicated to Farmers

Pongal or Thai Pongal is a traditional festival of Tamils which falls on January 14, 2017, this year. Pongal means “overflowing” and this festival is celebrated so as to bring about overflowing happiness in life for the forthcoming years. Pongal is called to be the festival of farmers since this is the period of Harvest too. Also, Pongal is one big festival which brings not only joy but also harmony to our family. All the farmers will cook their first harvested rice and present before the Sun God. It is also celebrated to be the thanksgiving event for Mother nature. On the whole, the four-day festival Pongal is a traditional festival filled with cultural heritage. Let’s celebrate this holy festival of Pongal with bonds of love and Thanksgiving. With that note, I wish you all to have a very Happy and Prosperous Pongal this year.