Summer Vacations, Holiday Destinations to Visit in India

Summer Vacations, Holiday Destinations to Visit in India

In this site of Dravidian, you can witness the beautiful and incomparable places in India to visit during summer. Many in India plan to move outside of India for Holiday vacation. But in India, there are several such places which really make you feel proud to be in India. India is a rich country in case of Flora and Fauna. So, don’t miss out to watch the beauty of nature in India.

Summer Vacations Places in India, Holiday Destinations to Visit in India

Summer season resembles freshness and enthusiasm. Summer is especially lovable for the kids who are school goers. Schools generally work from June to March leaving April and May. Those two months are very happy moments for kids since it is their summer vacation days. Summer vacations are not only for the children but also for the adult people. People will go for outing too many places during summer vacation time. India being a marvelous country has rich Flora and Fauna in all its places to watch out.

Many trips are also arranged by travels and other tourism organizations for a mind blowing visits during summer vacations time. Summer Vacations Spots mainly includes the cool places of India mainly hill stations and sea shores. There are quite a number of summer vacation places to visit and enjoy during summer. Unforgettable and most valuable moments can be experienced with the vast presence of innumerable sites.

India is a most beautiful place with diverse features possessing nation with a wide range of natural collections. India is the best country for having all kinds of Mother Nature’s wealth. In India, both the Northern and Southern parts of locality has its own specialty. South Indian states are surrounded by sea and hence it has its own uniqueness. When coming to North India, a big family of mountain ranges of Himalayas exists.

Four Climatic Seasons In India

There are four climatic seasons that are experienced in India namely summer, winter, autumn, rainy. Of the four, summer which extends from March to May is the most terrible season for everyone. Summer actually gives all the energy and nutrition for growth of people as well as plants and animals. With the increase in natural disasters of the world, the climatic conditions has gone up in a drastic manner. Winters are too cool nowadays and summers are very very hot. According to a survey, an information regarding the temperature of Earth has been got literally.

The information says that the temperature of the world has has risen 1 degree higher. The information says nothing but there will be very hot summers than we expected. But there is a very interesting and enjoyable alternative for spending an exclusive summer in India. The alternative includes the innumerable summer vacation places in India. Here are a few summer vacation places in India which are accounted to be the Best Places to Summer Vacations.


Summer Vacations Holiday Destinations to Visit in India - Darjeeling

Darjeeling is a District of West Bengal, India which is best known for its amazing climate. Kanchenjunga which is the world’s third highest mountain can be viewed from the mountain ranges. The view from the great heights of the mountain ranges of Darjeeling is really an extraordinary picturesque for all the tourists. Since the geographical location of Darjeeling is at higher altitude, the temperature accounts to be very low.

Summer Vacations Holiday Destinations to Visit in India - Darjeeling Toy Train Joy Ride

During hot summers the temperature will be around 15 Degree Celsius and on the other side winters will be too cool with temperature below 5 Degree Celsius.Hence this place is a great summer vacation place to spend with. Kanchenjunga, a beautiful natural scenic mountain can be sighted from Darjeeling. Other tourist places to visit includes Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park, Jaldapara National Park with rich Flora and Fauna. Very rare and unseen animals can also be seen at Darjeeling. Darjeeling is one of the best summer vacation places and is a wise choice for a visit during summer.

Summer Vacations Holiday Destinations to Visit in India - Darjeeling Tea Estates


Summer Vacations Holiday Destinations to Visit in India - Wayanad Scenery

Kerala, located in Southern part of Deccan plateau in India is a beautiful place with rich coconut trees. Out of the places in Kerala, Wayanad is one of the finest place for a summer visit. Wayanad has the Chembra Peak and Neelimala which are breathtaking to look at. Other attractions in Wayanad are Meenmutty waterfalls, Chethalayam falls, Kanthanpara falls which are located at a considerable heights.

Summer Vacations Holiday Destinations to Visit in India - Wayanad Scenery Photos HD Images

Banasura Sagar Dam is a largest earth dam in India and Karapuzha dam are located in Wayanad. Some of the other good tourist places to visit comprise of Muthanga wildlife Sancturary, Tholpetty wildlife sanctuary and so on. All these sanctuaries have the set of endangered species of Flora and fauna. Summer Vacations will be the most unforgettable if it is spent in Wayanad district.

Summer Vacations Holiday Destinations to Visit in India - Wayanad Soochipara Falls


Summer Vacations Holiday Destinations to Visit in India - Ooty Lake

Ooty or Ootacamund is the capital of Nilgiri district of Tamil Nadu, India. Ooty is known as the ‘Queen of Hill stations’. Ooty experiences a subtropical highland climate. The temperature ranges from 5 Degree Celsius to 12 Degree Celsius and it changes according to the type of season. Ooty is cool all the time and is very cold during winters and rainy seasons.

Summer Vacations Holiday Destinations to Visit in India - Ooty Tea Estate Photos

Ooty will be a wonderful place for having a fun filled experience during summer vacations. Since the altitude of Ootacamund is high, the temperature and blow of wind are very chill. A wide set of tourist sites is available at Ooty namely Ooty Botanical gardens, Deer park, boat houses, Pykara River and Falls and so on places. Ooty consists of best scenic beauty sites to be watched like the Doddabetta, Mudumalai National park, Mukurthi National park,etc. All these mentioned ones are at a considerable distance from Ooty. Apart from the above quite more Historical places of visit are available at Ooty. You can explore the whole area of Ootacamund for a week continuously and that’s what the specialty of this summer vacation place.

Summer Vacations Holiday Destinations to Visit in India - Ooty Government Botanical Gardens


Summer Vacations Holiday Destinations to Visit in India - Rishikesh Lakshman Jhula Bridge

Rishikesh is located at the foothills of the Himalayas in Uttarkhand state of India which is at an elevation of 372 meters. Rishikesh is famous for its incomparable ayurvedic treatment for all diseases. Rishikesh,  Yoga capital of the world, is known to be one of the finest world heritage sites and a nice pilgrimage center. It is a best-suited summer vacation place for all category of people. The most unimaginable thing is the water rafting which lasts from March to September.

Summer Vacations Holiday Destinations to Visit in India - Rishikesh River Rafting

Tehri Dam is one good place to visit in Rishikesh. From Rishikesh, you can travel to all the holy places of Badrinath temple, Gangotri, Kedarnath, and Yamunotri. Rishikesh thus holds to be the startup for all the nearby sacred sites. The most important part is the water of Rishikesh which is crystal clear and of priceless purity.


Summer Vacations Holiday Destinations to Visit in India - Munnar Hill Station

Munnar is a place in Idukki district of Kerala. The altitude varies from 1,500 to 2,500 meters above sea level. The name by itself indicates that Munnar is a  place where the three rivers of Mudhirapuzha, Nallathanni, and Kundaly meet together. Munnar will have a matchless natural sight of greeneries which glow during both summer and winter. Munnar has a wide range of hills and the scenic beauty even contains tea plantations which add to the beauty. The temperature will be cool of around the range of 15 Degree Celsius to 25 Degree Celsius during summer. A rare set of plant and animal species can be witnessed in Munnar. Thus stands to be one of the top rated summer vacations places in India.

Summer Vacations Holiday Destinations to Visit in India - Munnar sightseeing Photos


Mahabaleshwar is a city which is also a hill station located in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India. Mahabaleshwar has many tourist spots and pilgrimage sites. Best tourist places of India like the Panchaganga temple, Krishnabai temple, three monkey point, Venna lake and Lingmala waterfalls are very special for the visitors. Out of which Panchaganga temple is a must watch place. Venna lake is a lake with holistic significance. Many pilgrimage undergoing people will visit Venna lake in Mahabaleshwar. Some of the viewpoints for a visit are Kate’s point, Needlepoint, Wilson point. It is somewhat a dangerous point hence you must be careful on that spot. During summer Vacation, this place can be chosen for time passing the holidays.


Kodaikanal is a hill station located in Dindugal district of Tamil Nadu, India. Kodaikanal has rich Flora and fauna with lots of forests and hills. The temperature of the place will be subtropical kind of climate with favorable conditions for tourists during summer vacation and winter also. There are a few lakes and falls which are admirable during summer vacation. Those include Kodaikanal lake, Bryant Park, Bear Shola falls, Shembaganur Museum, Kodaikanal Solar observatory, Dolphin’s nose, Kurinji Pandavas temple, Guna caves, Pillar rocks, Berijam lake and so on tourist spots. In lakes, there will be boat rides and bicycle rides which can be undergone. There are many unseen scenarios at Park and other spots of rocks, caves,etc. Guna caves are special because it is the place where the famous film called ‘Guna’ by Kamal Hassan was shorted. Kodaikanal has unbeatable climate and natural surroundings.


Tawang is a town located in the northwest of Arunachal Pradesh which is very peculiar kind of one. The most interesting part is that there will be a very high rainfall during summer and in winter the place will be filled with snowfalls. The basic temperature itself is 10 Degree Celsius which is very low. This is because it is located at a very great height of 3048 meters. Another popular site there in Tawang is the large Buddhist Monastery. that place has a great historical importance and is considered to be the largest Buddhist monastery in the whole of India. One can thoroughly enjoy in a beautiful summer vacation place like Tawang. Other than everything, there are skiing facilities arranged for the visitors. You can reach Tawang through Bus, Train and also by Airplane.

Manali or Kullu Manali

Manali is a hill station of Kullu district located in Himachal Pradesh in India. It is basically residing at a river valley called Beas River valley. Manali basically has a temperature of4 to 15 Degree Celsius. Manali has the Vashist temple which is very special for a visit. Manali is generally called as Kullu Manali which has skiing, Paragliding, trekking, rafting and mountaineering for the visitors during summer vacation period. Manali is said to be the first ranked place for skiing destination in India. A trip to Manali will always be an adventurous journey.


Pachmarhi is a hill station located in Madhya Pradesh, India. The place is rich with a number of caves, falls and tourist points with green environment all around. Really the place will be a big eye treat for the visitors during summer vacation. Pachmarhi has a large waterfall called as the Rajat Prapat which will be really an unforgettable spot. Dhupgarh , Churagarh are some of the places of highest peak ranges for a visit. Also, there are quite a number of small waterfalls like B-falls, Silver falls, Duchess falls, etc. Many films have been shooted in and around the parts of Pachmarhi.


Nainital is situated at an altitude of about 2100 meters above sea ground and is a place of Uttarakhand. The temperature will be between 7 to 25 Degree Celsius. Nainital Lake is one wonderful place for a visit during summer vacation place. Other notable places are Naina Devi temple, Gurney house. The specialty in Nainital lake is that there will be yachts for water rafting. There are several tourists as well as summer vacation places around Nainital. They include Bhimtal, Saat Tal, Ramgarh, Mukteshwar, Naukhuchiatal, Corbett National park, Jeolikot and few others.


Gulmarg is a place in the district of Jammu and Kashmir. It is present in the range of Pir Panjal Range of the Himalayas. It has a very high altitude and hence has a humidity-filled atmosphere. The Meadows with all greenery around along with sweet smelling flowers is a real eye treat. This place accounts a maximum temperature of 14 Degree Celsius and minimum temperature of -8 Degree Celsius. It is a famous place for skiing activities and mostly will be covered by snow peaks. This summer vacation place is at an altitude of about 4000 meters above sea level. Summer vacation can be very well spent here with enjoyable happenings.


Ladakh is called to be the land of high passes located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Ladakh has the ranges starting from the Himalayas to Kun lun ranges. The sparse amount of Flora and fauna can be witnessed at Ladakh. The best part is the natural slopes and its panoramic view. That looks really majestic. Many flurries of snow covered mountains give a cool appearance like in a white desert. The entire land looks like a dream with chillness all around. It is the best and a very rare place in the whole world with mind blowing beauty for summer vacation.


Shimla is known to be the queen of hills and is present in Himachal Pradesh, India. Shimla lies in the southwest ranges of Himalayas at an altitude of 2200 meters above sea level. Inverarm hill, Observatory hill, Prospect hill, Summer hill, Bantony Hill, Elysium hill, Jakhoo hill contribute to the formation of Shimla. The entire green land of Shimla is covered with Pine trees, Oak trees, Deodar trees. Transportation is available from everywhere around. The climate is subtropical kind of climate with cool winters and warm summers. It is totally a good place for finding your time for enjoying summer vacation

Mount Abu

Mount Abu resides at Rajasthan of India. It is one of the popular places of hills with a rocky plateau. The altitude is about 1800 meters above sea level. There are a number of specialties like mountains, valleys, forests, waterfalls with amazing picturesque. The whole place resembles the extreme scenic beauty of nature. Summer vacation place includes this wonderful  place of India and is a guaranteeing place for relishing holidays of summer. Some of the places of visit are Achalgarh fort, Mount Abu Wildlife sanctuary, and quite a many temples.


Mussoorie is a hill place in Dehradun district of Uttarakhand, India and it resides at the foothills of Garhwal Himalayan range. The hill station is at an altitude of 2000 meters above sea level and hence the whole place will experience an extreme cool weather during summer. One of the exciting spots is Lal Tibba which is at 7500 feet and is a ravishing place for summer vacation. Gun Hill, Nahata Estate, Sir George Everest’s House , Lake Mist, Municipal Garden, Mussoorie Lake, Bhatta Falls , Jharipani Fall , Mossy Fall, Nag Devta Temple , Van Chetna Kendra are the most important places in Mussoorie to be spent on summer vacation. All the falls around Mussoorie are awesome to watch and take a bath.


Shillong is a capital as well as a hill station of Meghalaya. Shillong is called as “the abode of clouds” and “Scotland of the east”. The temperature varies from 4ºc Degree Celsius to 23 Degree Celsius. Summers are generally cool while the winters are very cool. March to April is a perfect time of summer vacation. Elephant Falls, Lady Hydari Park, Wards Lake, Shillong Peak, Motphran, Entomological Museum, State Museum, Bishop and Beadon Falls, Spread Eagle Falls are the tourist as well as summer vacation place.  The peaks of Shillong give a panoramic view for the viewers. Shillong is the best place for spending summer vacation in India.


Ranikhet is a hill station in Uttarakhand of India. The temperature here will be very cool and extraordinary for tourists. It resides at Himalayan ranges and has an altitude of about 2000 meters. Hence very cool in summers and gets high snowfall during winters. The trees present here are of pine, oak, and coniferous kind. It is definitely a very good place for spending summer vacation in India. Golf Course, Ashsiyana Park, KRC (Kumaon Regimental Centre) Museum, Syalikhet, Majkhali, Bhalu Dam or Balu Dham, Rani Jheel, Mankameshwar Temple, Rama Mandir (temple), Chaubatia Gardens are the places of visit in and around Ranikhet.


Kalimpong is a hill station in West Bengal of India and is at an elevation of 1300 meters.  One of the finest points which is one of the must watches places in Kalimpong is Deolo. Also, the river Teesta is good to view. Another famous mountain range which can be viewed from Kalimpong is Mount Kanchenjunga. The temperature varies from 9 to 30 Degree Celsius. Kalimpong in India is one of the finest places to visit during summer vacation. Another important place of visit is the Neora valley National Park which comprises of many endangered and also endemic species of animals and birds. Gladiolus is a peculiar kind of flower which grows on a mass scale in Kalimpong. There are quite a number of resorts with spa are available at Kalimpong to suit the customers during summer vacation.


Auli is an important tourist place in Uttarakhand and is a famous skiing destination in India. Auli consists of rich flora and fauna with coniferous and oak forests all around. Auli can be visited between the months of February to April be is very cool because  the temperature will be around 10 to 25 Degree Celsius during those summer vacation months. Other attractions in and around Auli are Nanda Devi sanctuary, Vishnu Prayog, Badrinath and some more pilgrimage sites. Mana and Kamet surround Auli and hence have a perfect geographical location. Apart from that, there is a lake which is the man-made a lake of India. Auli man-made lake stands to be the world’s highest. Auli is also famous for trekking because of its fine structure mountains.

Andaman Nicobar Islands

Andaman and Nicobar islands are one of the union territories and are a group of islands put together in the Bay of Bengal. There are 570 islands in the territory and each has its own significance. Vegetation is in a tremendous growth in these islands. There is an account of rich Flora and fauna with forests in and around the islands. Mostly the forests will be thick and full of mangroves all around. since it is an island there are many boat rides arranged for visitors during summer vacation.There are many good tourist places in Andaman as well as in Nicobar for a summer vacation visit.


Goa is a tourist place in India and is famous for its beaches. Other than that there are several places of worship and many sacred places for visit. Since beaches are nearby there is a moderate type of climate in Goa. Hence summer vacations can be very well spent in India at Goa. Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary, Molem Wildlife Sanctuary, Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary, Madei Wildlife Sanctuary, Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary, and Mahaveer Wildlife Sanctuary are some of the sanctuaries which are highly attractive for the tourists. Many endangered and endemic species of Flora and fauna can be witnessed in Goa.

Spiti Valley

Spiti valley is a mountain valley located in the Himalayan mountains in Himachal Pradesh, India. The valley is surrounded by very high mountain ranges. The valley  accounts a very high snowfall conditions during winters and summers are cool. Spiti valley separates Tibet and India and hence gained a name like that. Spiti valley has green outlook all around and there are many points of a visit in Spiti valley.

Allurement of Nature in Summer vacation places of India

The ecstasy of Nature is found out only when it is discovered. India is such a place with the extraordinary charisma hidden in itself. Until you explore the country you won’t be able to smell the fragrance of Mother Nature. Summer is a very good period to start your expedition to discover the beauty of nature. Summer vacation can be spent effectively via these adorable places of visit in India. Apart from these, there are several places in Northern part of India near Himalayan ranges as well as in Southern parts, especially in Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Summer vacation ranges from March to May. The above-listed places can be visited both during summer and winter. Spend summer vacation in a happy place like India rather than in foreign countries. Happy summer vacation…!!

Madurai Chithirai Thiruvizha 2017 Dates, Chithirai Festival 2017 Kallazhagar

Madurai Chithirai Thiruvizha, Chithirai Festival, Kallazhagar Festival, Kallalagar Festival

Madurai Chithirai Festival 2017 DatesChithirai Thiruvizha 2017 DatesChithirai 2017 Dates

28/04/2017FridayChithirai Thiruvizha Kodiyetram (Flag Hoisting)
Karpaga Vriksha, Simha Vahanam
29/04/2017SaturdayBootha, Anna Vahanam

Sree Meenakshi Sundareshwarar Thirukalyanam - 2017

30/04/2017SundayKailasa Parvadham, Kamadhenu Vahanam
01/05/2017MondayThanga Pallakku
02/05/2017TuesdayVedar Pari Leelai - Thanga Guthirai Vahanam
03/05/2017WednesdaySaiva Samaya Sthabitha Varalatru Leelai
Rishaba Vahanam
04/05/2017ThursdayNantheekeshwarar, Yaali Vahanam
05/05/2017FridaySree Meenakshi Pattabhishekam
Velli Simhasana Ula
06/05/2017SaturdaySree Meenakshi Digvijayam
Indra Vimana Ula
07/05/2017SundaySree Meenakshi Sundareshwarar Thirukalyanam (Celestial Wedding) Yaanai Vahanam
Pushpa Pallakku
08/05/2017MondayThiru Ther – Therottam (Ratha Utsavam, Chariot, Car Festival)
Sapthavarna Chapram
Velli Virutchaba Sevai

Kallazhagar - Kallalagar

Thallakulathil Edhir Sevai
10/05/2017WednesdaySri Kallazhagar Vaigai Aatril Ezhuntharural
1000 Ponsaprathudan
Night Saithyobacharam at Vandiyur
11/05/2017ThursdayThirumalirunsolai Sri Kal Azhagar
Vandiyur Thenur Mandapam
Sesha Vahanam in Morning
Garuda Vahanam in the afternoon
Moksham for Manduga Maharishi
Dasavathara Katchi at Ramarayar Mandapam in Night
12/05/2017FridayMorning Mohanaavatharam
Night Kallazhagar Thirukollam in Pushpa Pallakku at Mysore Mandapam
13/05/2017SaturdaySri Kal Azhagar Thirumalai Eluntharural

Madurai is a renowned city of Tamil Nadu located in South side. Madurai has its different specialties and is famous all over the world. As soon as the word Madurai is said, the one thing which comes instantaneously in mind is the Meenakshi. Madurai Meenakshi Amman temple is one of the best temples in the whole of India with mind blowing Dravidian Architecture. In that ancient temple of Madurai Meenakshi temple, Chithirai Thiruvizha is celebrated in a grand manner. Chithirai Thiruvizha and its proceedings are finely described in the forthcoming paragraphs by Dravidian. Also, you can find out the real story behind the celebration of Chithirai Thiruvizha. Read below to find interesting features of Chithirai festival.

Madurai Chithirai Thiruvizha – Magnificent Traditional Festival of South India

Chithirai Thiruvizha is one of the best auspicious celebrations in the whole world with unique characteristics. Chithirai Thiruvizha holds its specialty in the way of proceeding of the festival. Chithirai festival is celebrated in Madurai of Tamil Nadu, India. The festival mainly concentrates on Goddess Meenakshi of Madurai and her marriage celebration with Lord Sundareshwarar (Form of Lord Shiva). The day of Chithirai festival celebration falls on the first day of the first month (Chithirai) of Tamil Calendar.

Madurai Chithirai Thiruvizha History Chithirai Festival Kallalagar (kallazhagar) Festival - Kallalagar on Vaigai River

It mostly falls on April 14th and rarely during April 13th. Since it is a traditional festival of Tamil Nadu, Chithirai Thiruvizha is celebrated by doing special Poojas and Darshans in Madurai temple. Madurai Meenakshi Sundareshwarar temple is present in Madurai with its majestic and magnificent sculptures & architectures. Every year, Chithirai Thiruvizha is celebrated with lots of fun and enjoyment.

Madurai Chithirai Thiruvizha History Chithirai Festival Kallalagar (kallazhagar) Festival - Pilgrimage on Vaigai River

The festival starts from the 5th day of the Tamil month Chithirai (April 20). The big festival of Chithirai Thiruvizha takes place for about a month and accounts to be the longest festival in the world. Chithirai festival is one of the festivals which is Government approved.

Madurai Chithirai Thiruvizha History Chithirai Festival Kallalagar (kallazhagar) Festival - Vaigai River Alagar Mandagapadi

Chithirai Thiruvizha’s main highlight is the re-enacting of the wedding of Goddess Meenakshi and Lord Sundareswarar. It is also an attempt to unite the Shaivites (Followers of Lord Vishnu) and the Vaishnavites (Followers of Lord Shiva).

Madurai Chithirai Thiruvizha History Chithirai Festival Kallalagar (kallazhagar) Festival - Vaigai River

Historical Legend of Chithirai Thiruvizha

Basically, people will narrate the following story for the celebration of Chithirai festival but the actual history differs. The legend is as follows:
Lord Alagar is the elder brother for Goddess Meenakshi and he stays at Vaigai hills. Meenakshi was in love with Lord Shiva that is Lord Sundareshwarar as he was actually called. Their marriage was arranged to be held at Madurai. On hearing sister’s marriage news, Lord Alagar moved fast down to Madurai for attending the marriage. Since he needs to travel through the forests, he made up himself resembling a thief look so as to ensure safety and security. Before him reaching the place, the marriage took place. When Alagar came to know about his sister marriage completion, he got angry and turned his way back. Lord Sundareshwarar and Goddess Meenakshi, both tried convincing him but he refused and moved in his own way.

Chithirai Thiruvizha – Chithirai Festival History

There are two kinds of historical data is present for the single festival of Chithirai festival and it is basically celebrated by Vaishnavites and Shaivites individually.

Meenakshi festival

King Malayathuvaja Pandyan (King of Pandyas) and Queen Kanchanamalai were married to each other. They lived happily for years together but the only sad thing is that they were not blessed with a baby. So for that case, they prayed to god by doing Yaagams and different kinds of Poojas with the enormous amount of offerings. They also did donations to all the needy people in order to get god’s blessing. During that Pooja itself , a girl emerged from fire, walked and stood before them. It was Goddess Meenakshi who is a form of Goddess Parvathi.

Madurai Chithirai Thiruvizha History Chithirai Festival Kallalagar (kallazhagar) Festival - Meenakshi
They were so happy for god’s offering. Meenakshi was given all the battle training and education of different kinds. She began to defeat everyone in the battle and was winning all the areas. She conquered almost all the parts of the world with her infinite talents. Last but not the least, she went to Kailaayam hills for conquering that. There she witnessed Lord Shiva and fell in love with him. Lord Shiva promised to marry her and as promised, he came to Madurai. Their marriage was arranged and after marriage Lord Shiva began to rule the dynasty of Pandyas. This event is celebrated in the Chithirai festival with idols of Lord Shiva and Goddess Meenakshi.

Alagar Festival

Mandoorka rishi was bathing in the Alagar Hills Aagaayaganga holy water. Durvasar Maharishi, a powerful god entered the spot and thought that Mandoorka Rishi is knowingly insulting him. But the truth was isn’t that. Unfortunately, Durvasar cursed him to become a frog. He pleaded to change him back to normal human. Durvasar accepted his apology and said him to go to River Vaigai for getting blessings from Lord Alagar. By doing so, he said that Mandoorka can get his wish fulfilled. Mandoorka travels to the river Vaigai where he showed his full devotion to Lord Alagar. Then Alagar came and Mandoorka was turned upright. At last, he wished Lord Alagar (Form of Lord Vishnu) to bless him in all his 10 avatars and was satisfied by the god.

Madurai Chithirai Thiruvizha History Chithirai Festival Kallalagar (kallazhagar) Festival - KallAlagar Koil
Only after the rule of King Thirumalai Nayakar began, both the festivals were merged as one single occasion to unite the peoples of two groups (Saivites and Vaishnavites). Since then Chithirai festival is celebrated as one grand and long annual event during the whole Tamil month of Chithirai. Hence, it is also named as Chithirai Thiruvizha.

Proceedings of Chithirai Thiruvizha

The celebrations of Chithirai festival or Thiruvizha begin with a flag hoisting ceremony followed by chariot festival which carries the two idols of the couple. It is then taken around in a procession with sounds of large bands. As the procession passes through the streets, devotees put forward offerings of flowers, coconuts, camphor before the god. This is an overview of the event. The event will have different vehicles (Vahanam) on which the idol of god will be taken for processions.
The following are the list of events of Chithirai Thiruvizha.

Kodi Yetram

As a startup, Priest of Madurai Meenakshi Amman temple will hoist the flag in the Kodimaram (flag post) of the ancient temple after five days of the Chithirai month. This marks to be the beginning of the long celebration of Chithirai festival. The flag will continue to fly high up till the event gets over. After which it is removed symbolizing the end.

Processions of God on Vahanaas (VEHICLES)

Anna vahanam

The next day of Kodi Yetram is Anna vahanam. On this day, the idol of God will be seated on the Hamsa bird (Goose or swan) and is taken around the temple through the streets for the procession. Special rituals will be conducted for the god during this Chithirai Thiruvizha.

Madurai Chithirai Thiruvizha History Chithirai Festival Kallalagar (kallazhagar) Festival - KallAlagar

Kamadhenu vahanam or Kailasa Parvadham

The successive day of Anna vahanam is Kamadhenu vahanam function will take place. Kamadhenu means cow which gives its milk for humans. The idol of god will be on Kamadhenu (Vehicle) and will be taken round for procession down the streets of the temple.

Thanga Pallakku (Golden Sedan)

Pallakku is the sedan which will be used to carry royal personalities. When the sedan is made of gold it is called Thanga Pallakku. The goddess will be carried in the Pallakku which will be lifted by the devotees to go around the Meenakshi temple. This is one of the notable sights at Chithirai Thiruvizha.

Vedar Pari Leelai or Thanga Kuthirai Vahanam (Golden horse vehicle)

Kuthirai and Pari both mean the same called Horse. Idol of God will be taken around in a golden horse (Vehicle) around as a regulation which is followed year after year. The picturesque will be very magnificent to look at during the Chithirai festival.

Madurai Chithirai Thiruvizha History Chithirai Festival Kallalagar (kallazhagar) Festival - KallAlagar Pavani

Vrishaba Vahanam (Ox vehicle)

Vrishaba means ox. The lord idol will be taken on the ox vehicle for processions. The whole celebration will look marvelous to watch and enjoy. It is one of the beautiful sites of Chithirai festival.

Yaali vahanam

Yaali means a creature having lion’s head and elephant’s trunk. Yaali will be found in many pillars of South Indian cultural monuments’ sculptures. God idol on the top of Yaali Idol is fascinating and is a real eye treat for the festival devotees.

Events After Processions

Pattabishekam (coronation)

Pattabishekam is coronation ceremony. This is to certify and show off the pride of Meenakshi by crowning her on this day and it is believed that she will rule the Pandya dynasty for the first four months. After that, her husband Lord Sunderaswarar will be crowned as the king of Madurai for the next eight months. In order to declare and symbolize the post-coronation ceremony of Chithirai festival take place and hence called as Pattabishekam.


Meenakshi Amman is crowned as the queen of Pandya kingdom by her father. She had the most prominent war skills which made her double powerful. Then she went into war with all the countries in the world and conquered the whole world. At last, she went to Kailaayam or Kailaaya Malai (The Place of Lord Shiva in the Himalayas) to conquer that. On the immediate sight of Lord Shiva in the battlefield, she fell in love with him. This will be portrayed beautifully in Madurai during the Chithirai Thiruvizha.

Madurai Chithirai Thiruvizha History Chithirai Festival Kallalagar (kallazhagar) Festival - Meenakshi Sundarar Thirukalyanam Statue

Meenakshi Sundarar Thirukalyanam

Meenakshi Thirukalyanam (Marriage of Lord Sundareshwarar and Goddess Meenakshi)

Madurai Chithirai Thiruvizha History Chithirai Festival Kallalagar (kallazhagar) Festival - Meenakshi Sundarar Thirukalyanam
Meenakshi Thirukalyanam is the wedding celebration of Meenakshi Amman and Lord Shiva in Madurai. Lord Shiva comes to Madurai to marry Meenakshi as he promised. A very grand re-enactment of marriage will be taking place with loud bands of music. It will be very delightful to watch that historical occasion at Chithirai festival.

Thiru TherottaThiruvizha (Chariot festival)

The day after Meenakshi Thirukalyanam is Therotta Thiruvizha (Chariot Festival) which is a big event at Chithirai Thiruvizha. Lord Sunderaswarar and Meenakshi will come to see their devotees in a very grandly decorated chariot. The scenic beauty of the King and Queen of Pandya dynasty will be splendid watching. Thousands of peoples will gather at the streets of Madurai to pull the chariot and to witness the celebration.

Ethir Sevai

Ethir Sevai is a festival of Alagar celebrated during this Chithirai Thiruvizha. In Chithirai, Lord Kallalagar starts from Alagarkoil in the form of Kallar and reaches Madurai on Pournami (Full Moon day). This event is organized for welcoming Lord Alagar to Madurai by the residents of the city. Thousands of people will be crowded all down the streets to engage themselves in the ceremony at Chithirai Thiruvizha.

Alagar Festival

Alagar Vaigai Eluntharulal

This marks the end of the grand annual celebration of Chithirai Thiruvizha. Only after the sacred marriage of Madurai Meenakshi Amman with Lord Shiva, her brother Alagar arrives at Madurai. Lord Alagar comes from Alagarkoil to Madurai slowly crossing the risky scenarios through the forests.

Madurai Chithirai Thiruvizha History Chithirai Festival Kallalagar (kallazhagar) Festival - Vaigai River Kallalagar

When reaching the Vaigai river bank, he hears that the marriage is over and so he gets infuriated. As a consequence, he returns to Alagarkoil delivering all the gifts which he bought to Meenakshi and Sundereswarar. This historical event is re-enacted in a mandapam in the middle of river Vaigai at Chithirai festival.

Dasavatharam (Ten Incarnations of Lord Vishnu)

‘Das’ means ten in number in Hindi. ‘Avatharam’ means incarnation. Dasavatharam, on the whole, means the ten forms of Lord Vishnu. The idol of god will be shown in all the ten incarnations in an outstanding manner at Chithirai festival. Many different poojas and rituals will be done in devotion to god. This will be celebrated at Ramarayar Mandapam in the Northern part of river Vaigai.

Poo Pallakku

After the Dasavatharam festival, in Meenakshi Amman temple, Lord Alagar will be brought in a palanquin decorated with sweet smelling flowers. It is a tradition and custom followed by the devotees in order to show their reverence in the welcoming lord.

Madurai Chithirai Thiruvizha History Chithirai Festival Kallalagar (kallazhagar) Festival - KallAlagar PooPallakku
Chithirai festival or Chithirai Thiruvizha happens once in a year. It is unfair to miss this historical occasion during Chithirai month of Tamil calendar. Chithirai Thiruvizha is really a very awesome festival and there will be lots of added enjoyments. Many shops and amusement rides will be available for us to make the most out of the festival. Do visit Madurai to ravish with the sights during Chithirai festival.

Joyous days of Chithirai Thiruvizha festival and its significance

Chithirai thiruvizha, being a Hindu community celebration is celebrated with a large crowd at Madurai. The whole festival happens for about the whole month of Chithirai in order to bring out the real picture of Chithirai Thiruvizha. Chithirai falls mid between the English months of April and May. It is, of course, a summer holiday time and so you can freely visit Madurai and watch out the happenings happily. Since it is a festive time, many buses will also be plying and so no worries of traveling. Chithirai Thiruvizha is really a big festival and it is a real sacredness to view the scenes with naked eyes. Make a trip to Madurai to enjoy the summer vacation at Madurai with the amazing festival. Happy Celebration..!

Aadi Pooram Pooja – Aadi Pooram Festival – Aandal Jayanthi

Aadi Pooram Pooja, Aadi Pooram Festival, Aandal Jayanthi

Aadi Pooram or Aandal Jayanthi is dedicated to Aandal, wife of Lord Ranganathar. The marriage between Aandal and Lord Ranganathar is portrayed during this festival. The famous Aandal temple in Tamil Nadu is at Srivilliputhur. In Srivilliputhur, this festival called Aadi Pooram is celebrated in a very grand manner. Herewith, in Dravidian‘s page, you could find the history of celebrating Aandal Jayanthi or Aadi Pooram festival. Also, you can gain familiarity on how to celebrate the event of Aadi Pooram. Scroll down to get the better of knowledge on Aadi festival.

Aadi Pooram – a Religious Celebration of Spiritual Wedding

Aadi Pooram is a famous festival celebrated by Hindu people during the Month of Aadi. Aadi Month falls in between July and August. The whole festival is considered to be an auspicious occasion because Aadi Pooram is the birthday of Goddess Aandal. It is the day at which she became a human on Earth and on that day the star was ‘Pooram’. Pooram is one of the 27 stars of  Tamil Astrology. Generally, according to Hindu custom and tradition, astrological thinkings are considered for a new start.  Aadi Pooram is one such day with best astrological moments.

Aadi Pooram Pooja Aadi Pooram Festival Aandal Jayanthi - Aandal Madhavan

Aadi Pooram is mostly celebrated by the Tamil natives in a grand manner. Aadi Pooram is celebrated in all the Lord Vishnu Temples inside of Tamil Nadu. Aandal is known for its residence at Srivilliputhur in Virudhunagar District of Tamil Nadu. Every year during Aadi month, people used to arrange for a very big festival which lasts for about ten days. All the ten days there will be several amusement activities and events will be conducted. Aadi Pooram is also called as ‘Aandal Jayanthi’ since the main deity is Aandal.

Story of Aandal

Aandal is an incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi and it is believed that she landed on Earth on That day. Goddess Lakshmi’s consort is Lord Vishnu who is a great lord with richness. As a human on Earth, she became a great devotee at an early age itself. At first, when she appeared on Earth, she was witnessed by Periyalvar, a great devotee of Lord Vishnu. At that time, she was standing nearby Tulsi or basil  plant. From then on she was brought up by Periyalvar. She showed her utmost devotion to god through her activities. Aandal used to pull out flowers from the garden and do Poojas to Lord Ranganathar ( a form of Lord Vishnu).  She was very sincere with her prayers and all that were made through beautiful songs.

Aadi Pooram Pooja Aadi Pooram Festival Aandal Jayanthi - Srivilliputhur Aandal

Those songs were splendid enough to bring God to Earth. She uses to Sing Songs of Lord Vishnu which is called to be the Paashurams. After she got matured she fell in Love with Lord Ranganathar and wanted to marry him. Here is an incident of her craze on Lord Ranganathar. Once she made a flower garland as she does daily and wore it on the idol of Lord Ranganathar. She felt herself be his wife and hence she removed from the idol. Within few seconds the garland was around Aandal’s neck. Seeing this Periyalvar got angry and advised her not to do so. After a few years when she was mature enough to marry, She got really tied up with Lord Ranganathar because of her sincere and serious devotion to Lord. That day is called as ‘Thirukalyanam’ in the south of Tamil Nadu.

Aadi Pooram Pooja Aadi Pooram Festival Aandal Jayanthi - Aandal Thirukalyanam

Celebration of Aadi Pooram

Aadi Pooram is a day of nourishment and goodness. On that day, people of Tamil Nadu celebrate anonymously in one’s own style. In Srivilliputhur Aandal Temple, the festival called Aadi Pooram will be celebrated for 10 days and the last day is called as ‘Thirukalyanam’. It is because it is the day of the wedding of Lord Ranganathar and Aandal. A great marriage ceremony will be taking place at Aandal temple at Srivilliputhur. Aadi Pooram festival is extremely a tremendous crowd gathering event with abundant joy. Same like in Srivilliputhur, Lord Ranganathar is famous in Srirangam of  Trichy district in Tamil Nadu. In that temple also, people rejoice with absolute happiness and joy.

Aadi Pooram Pooja Aadi Pooram Festival Aandal Jayanthi - Ranganathar Aandal

How to Celebrate Aadi Pooram at Home

Since Aadi Pooram festival is a historical event, many outcomes will migrate to Aandal temple as well as Srirangam Ranganathaswamy temple to enjoy the day. The above is the case which illustrates the happenings at Temples. On the other hand, the scenario is different. It is not possible for all the people of Tamil Nadu to attend the occasion. So, that kind of people will celebrate Aadi Pooram at home itself. Everyone at home takes hair bath and women at home prepare the food for god. The food items include sweets as well as snacks. After the preparation of sweets, it is presented before Goddess Lakshmi in order to offer a good wealthy life.

Aadi Pooram Pooja Aadi Pooram Festival Aandal Jayanthi - Aandal Pallaku
Aadi Pooram is a real time marriage ceremony of Lord Ranganathar and Goddess Aandal. Aadi Pooram is an auspicious festival of high cultural importance. Many offerings will be presented on the day of Aadi Pooram to the god. All the presents including the flowers will be given to the devotees as ‘Prasadham’. Every decoration is made out of devotees’ donation. In every Hindu festival, a separate event called ‘Annadhanam’ will take place which literally means the donation of food. Similarly, in temples, many devotees come forward to donate money for that peculiar event. Aadi Pooram is a lively kind of festival celebration with fun as well as cultural happiness all around.

Aandal Jayanthi – Exclusive Marriage Ceremony of Gods

Aandal Jayanthi is a key celebration during Aadi month. It is celebrated only in Tamil Nadu. The historical importance of Aandal’s marriage makes it possible to celebrate in Tamil Nadu. The marriage between Goddess Aandal and Lord Ranganathar is shown directly every year during Aadi time. It will be really a fun filled celebration and also joyful to watch. Throughout in Tamil Nadu, all the temples containing Perumal and Aandal will expose the marriage ceremony. You can even see it if you could be there to Lord Perumal Temple during Aadi month.

Katchatheevu Island History, Festival, Photos, Agreement

Katchatheevu Island History, Festival, Photos, Agreement

Kachatheevu issue is a never ending problem between India and Sri Lanka. Kachatheevu being the land of India is owned now by Sri Lankans. Kachatheevu has significant features and is highly valued. In this post, you are going to read the story of Kachatheevu and its related controversies by Dravidian. In its history, you can really make out the owner of Kachatheevu. Kachatheevu problem remains to be unsolved and is waiting to find its end. Along with all this, the agreement details are also attached for reference.

Kachatheevu Island – Island of India belonging to Sri Lanka

Katchatheevu (Kachchatheevu) is an island located at a small distance from Rameswaram, India. Katchatheevu is an idle island formed by the volcanic explodes a few centuries back. The entire island spreads over 1150 meters. In Katchatheevu there are no such wonderful places like in Lakshadweep or Andaman and Nicobar islands. But the Katchatheevu Island has its own kind of significance. Katchatheevu is also named to be the ‘Dispute Territory’.

Katchatheevu Island History Festival Photos Agreement - Katchatheevu Satellite Map

The name was actually due to its historical happenings. Katchatheevu is an island once owned by India but now it is into the hands of Sri Lanka. Another important attraction and the best tourist spot in Katchatheevu is the St.Antony’s Church. Katchatheevu is one of the finest places in between India and Sri Lanka. Katchatheevu has a great medicinal greeneries also. The 285-acre land, strategically important for fishing activities, was owned by the Ramanathapuram King alias Ramnad King (Raja of Ramnad)  and later became part of the Madras Presidency

History of Katchatheevu

Katchatheevu is a historically formed island nearby Southern part of India during the 14th century. The main reason behind the origin of Katchatheevu is the blast volcanic eruptions in the Indian ocean. Katchatheevu is not a big island comparatively and is a pretty small island. There are many medicinal plants grown in Katchatheevu. Katchatheevu after its mighty emergence came into the grab of Sethupathi king of Ramnad Kingdom. Ramanathapuram king ruled the most part of Katchatheevu. Before independence, it was one of eight islands under the control of Ramanathapuram Sethupathi kings.

Katchatheevu Island History Festival Photos Agreement - Katchatheevu Map

In the year 1480 due to the cyclone formed in the Bay of Bengal Rameswaram & 11 other island are formed in the Bay of Bengal. Katchatheevu is one of the islands among the eight islands owned by Ramanathapuram king Sethupathi. Trading of goods from Katchatheevu to the people in and around India was continuously followed. Ramnad king considered Katchatheevu to be very important. That is because there were the other seven islands surrounding Katchatheevu which are actually served by the same. The offerings of Katchatheevu includes its highly valued things of nature. Especially the roots of Katchatheevu is damn powerful and has extremely great medicinal values.

St.Anthony’s Church

St.Anthony Church is in Katchatheevu. It was built by a Tamilian Named as seenikuppan from the Ramnad Kingdom. He built for praising the lord of Fishing community and the guardian of the Mother Sea. It is a common Church which has devotees from both the sides namely Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. The church is called to be the holy place by Sri Lanka. The church was fully completed by 1905. The church has a century old tradition and Architecture. Even now it is so beautiful to look at and had best looks.

Katchatheevu Island History Festival Photos Agreement - St. Antony's shrine, Kachchatheevu

Every year thousands of Pilgrims come to Katchatheevu for celebrating St.Anthony church festival.  Katchatheevu festival has the biggest unity connecting the people between two countries. This year 2016 Katchatheevu festival was celebrated on February 28 with a crowd of about 5000 pilgrims. The pilgrims were not only from Sri Lanka but also from Sri Lanka. In order to bring the pilgrims to island 100 and above boats which work mechanically was arranged. The only good thing is that there are no controversial problems in worshiping the lord. One extremely bad thing is that during the festival Indian fishermen are allowed but their flags are not allowed to Katchatheevu. This literally shows their hatred towards Tamilians.

Katchatheevu Island History Festival Photos Agreement - St. Antony's shrine Festival , Kachchatheevu

Katchatheevu Controversy

The whole island of Katchatheevu was under Indian rule since the 17th century. The surprising fact was the ownership of Katchatheevu by Sri Lanka. When India came to know about the owning it was too late. Since then the foreign trade was happening but it actually increased and Changed after the 17th century. After which the intruders began to invade all the parts of India. They began to formulate their own rules and regulations. Sri Lankan king also slowly started to explain their own rule over Katchatheevu. The talk regarding the rule over of Katchatheevu ended into a big fight. Sri Lanka even though had no legal rights on Katchatheevu, they were so vigorous.

Their main aim was in getting Katchatheevu into their nest. Britishers found the controversy to be going very tough. So they thought of following their methodology of handling  the problem. Sri Lankan people and their king were furious and were not letting their leg go backward. This was during the 18th century during which India was with Britishers. So the Raja or the Tamil King was unable to interrupt into the rule of British people.

Katchatheevu Agreement

Katchatheevu, in order to have for India, became impossible with the new problem makers of Sri Lanka. Even though so many struggles were undergone the total crowd of Sri Lanka did not get convinced. The original ruler of Katchatheevu was India and the evidence regarding the issue was very much clear. But Sri Lanka ignored to accept their fault. The major thing repeated, again and again, was their rule over  the precious elements over there in Katchatheevu.

That was the time of independence struggle too. Great and tremendous leaders of India fought through nonviolence and won the independence by 1947. The whole picture turned after independence. In 1974, Katchatheevu was ceded to Sri Lanka by then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi through the Indo-Sri Lankan Maritime agreement to settle the maritime boundary in the Palk Strait with her counterpart Srimavo Bandaranaike. Till Indira Gandhi came to rule there were no big issues from India. But later Indira Gandhi planned to sign the agreement with Sri Lanka. The agreement was totally in favor of Sri Lanka. Katchatheevu agreement was signed in 1974.

According to that agreement, Katchatheevu is wholly gifted to Sri Lanka. Also, Sri Lanka has all the rights over Katchatheevu. Indian people can get the components of Katchatheevu if needed. The agreement of 1974 made Sri Lankans very Happy and proud. Later there were problems on fishing and controversies were going on between India and Sri Lanka. In order to reach for better solutions, another agreement was planned. The agreement was signed in 1976 regarding fishing activities.

Dispute between (Tamil Fisherman) Indian Fisherman and Srilankan Navy, Fisherman

According to that agreement, Indian fishermen are allowed to fish around the watery region of Katchatheevu. From that on Fishers use to fish in the sea nearby  Katchatheevu with complete freedom. Again the problem started after few years regarding fishing. Sri Lankan was very cruel and rude to the fishermen of Tamil Nadu who fishes near Katchatheevu.

Sri Lankan government even arrested fishermen and locked them in their own land. This major incident created a massive fire in India and Tamil Nadu especially. Thereafter Sri Lankans were not in a mood to compromise with Tamilians or any other Indians. Moreover, they started to commence war on poor Tamilians.This arrogance war killed thousands of people. Mr. Velupillai Prabhakaran, army man from Tamil Nadu fought for the Tamil people living in Sri Lanka. But that too was bashed out by Sri Lankan Head Mahinda Rajapaksa.

Till now people are ill-treated because of their nativity alone. Mr.Prabakaran is also shot dead by those bad humans. Now recently, his son was shot dead who was a little teenage boy. Katchatheevu is also playing a vital role in giving chances for augmenting in death rate.

Claiming of Katchatheevu

Now in the recent years, Tamil Nadu Chief Minister along with many politicians decided to get Katchatheevu back from Sri Lanka. This is because of the terrible happenings to the Tamil Fishermen. Tamil Fishermen were betrayed very badly. The idea of claiming back Katchatheevu made Sri Lankan furious. Since the issue is firing up high Chief Minister Jayalalithaa planned in order to extinguish it. Recently while meeting Prime Minister Narendra Modi Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa revealed the issue of Fishermen to him. Also, she spoke about getting back of Katchatheevu from Sri Lanka in order to reduce the Chaos. But the talk is still now going on. India still believes Katchatheevu to be part of itself and hence his to be returned back. This decision is mainly for ensuring safety and security to fishermen

Katchatheevu Island History Festival Photos Agreement - Kachchatheevu Images with SriLankan Flag

Many have been locked in Sri Lanka itself for their entry into the islet or near Sri Lankan border. Although this issue is going on one side the Sri Lankan government doesn’t want Indian fishermen to get into their island or their sea waters. In the recent 2014, Sri Lankan government strictly narrated about the entry of fishermen. Similarly, in 2015 Sri Lankan Prime Minister openly said that if any fishermen enter into Sri Lankan border they will be shot dead. And this is exactly the current scenario. Only the higher authorities need to get with a good solution to save poor Tamilians (Tamilans) and their respective families.

Kachatheevu Island – The island of Controversies

Kachatheevu, an island with many controversies and problems remains to be unsolved. The major issue revolving around Kachatheevu is the border problem. Because of the crossing of the border by Indian fisherman, Srilankans are irritated and tortures the poor people. Consequently, the fishermen along with the family are suffering the pain. This is all due to the Kachatheevu ownership. There are plans for getting the Kachatheevu back but are not executed properly. People are valuing the land more than the life of man. Only if this attitude is changed everything can get resolved.

Dravidian People, Languages, History, Culture, Architecture

Dravidian People, Languages, History, Culture, Architecture

Dravidian, the name of pride South Indian people sounds great to the world even today. Dravidians by themselves have an incomparable history which falls in the late centuries. Dravidians were the mighty rulers of great kingdoms covering most of the parts of India. Each feature of a true Dravidian showcases the livelihood of Indians in the past times. On the other hand, Dravidians are known to be the native language speakers of India. Especially, the languages of South India are considered as the languages of Dravidian. Herewith, you can go through the complete knowledge about the Dravidian people, Dravidian languages, Dravidian Architecture and also the ancient history of Dravidian dynasties. But the major problem rose was the degradation of Dravidian in the society by the white Indians. The issue was basically between the Aryans ( people of North India) and the Dravidians ( People of South India ). In this blog, you will find the reason behind the color discrimination in The Indian nation.

Dravidian – The Mighty people of Spectacular India

Dravidian is a single name which is assigned to broad categories of people. The name arose by taking into account different set of considerations. Those include the color, language, culture, tradition or nativity. But, In general, Dravidian is the name given to people belonging to India especially South India. Even though, Dravidian resides in many parts of the world their specialty lies in South India. Dravidians have several unique features and also are the specialist in multiple fields.

Dravidian People languages Architecture - Dravidian Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Landscape

Dravidian People

From the ancient period, people with black color age termed as Dravidian people. Originally, Indian color is basically considered to be black. So, originated the name called Dravidian for the people of India. Most people in South India had a black complexion. On the contrary, people of North India were whitish in appearance. So, people in the whole of India cannot be called as Dravidian. As a solution, North Indians were given a name called Aryans and people of South India are named as Dravidian.

This happened very long years ago over centuries back. This, in turn, gave rise to a massive racism in India. Initially, Racism was introduced by the Europeans into India. Racism not only split Indian people but also the unity amongst them. Even now racial discrimination is practiced in many areas of the country of India.

Dravidian Language

In India, Dravidians are the people belonging to all the five regions of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Dravidians speak the native languages of South India which comprise of Tamil of Tamil Nadu, Malayalam of Kerala, Telugu of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. All the four states are popular as well as considered important among all the states of India and contribute more towards Indian economy. Each language has its own significance.

Dravidian People Culture Tradition Architecture and Dravidian languages Family Map

Dravidian People Culture Tradition Architecture and Dravidian languages Map

Firstly, Tamil if we take it is a special and a language of fame all over the world. Tamil people are also called to be the Adhi Dravidians. ‘Adhi’ means long years ago and ‘Dravidian’ means the people of South India. Thus the word ‘Adhi Dravidian’ indicate that they are the native residents of Tamil Nadu, India for many centuries. The following generations are also bought in the similar manner falling into the category of Dravidians. Likewise, all the native speakers of native languages of South India are named to be Dravidians because of their history of Nativity.

Dravidian Dynasty

Dravidian places of today are Dravidian dynasty includes the dynasties of various historical rulers of Dravidians. The popular rulers of that time are the three rules called as Cherar, Cholan, and Pandyan. These three rulers owned most of India and were the famous three Tamil Kings of Ancient times. The Dravidian states of today are owned and ruled by these three majestic kings. All the three have their own style of the dynasty and its own specialties.

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture - Ancient Temple Tower

Chera Dynasty

Cheras ruled the parts of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Cherar was a very dynamic king who ruled the Indian kingdom during the period between 3rd to 10th century. All the records of Cheran are enlisted in Sangam literature. Checovers the area near the Arabian coasts. Amongst all, Cheran Senguttuvan is one such famous king who conquered many places. He belongs to the early age period. Later, came the next generation Cheran and they were called to be the Kulashekaras. Cheras had extensive trade with the outside world and gained a lot of wealth.

Chola Dynasty

Cholas are one of the three Tamil kings of Kingdom. All the three kings were Hindu people. First one is Vijayalaya Chola. Chola dynasty extends for a longer range of lands. The kingdom covers a vast area comprising of Kerala, Tamil Nadu and most parts of South and South East Asia. Rajaraja Chola started the ruling of Dravidians and following him lined up his generational personalities. They are Rajendran Cholan, Rajadhiraja Cholan, Kulothunga Cholan, Veerarajendra Cholan. The long kingdom extended from Maldives to Andhra Pradesh. The growth of cholas was tremendously high. But every happening has an end. Likewise, Cholan dynasty began to Decline slowly with the emergence of Pandyas. Cholas went into decline by the 13th century.

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture - Grand Anicut Kallanai Dam

Pandya Dynasty

Pandyas were ruling Dravidians as well as Aryans. Over the centuries from 6th to 17th century, they Pandya rule was at a peak. The Strong kingdom was established by Pandyas all over the regions of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh. They had enormously super power both in terms of manpower and weapons. Among the rulers of Pandya dynasty rule, Nedunjezhiyan was very powerful and had extreme commanding capabilities.  With their army , Pandyas conquered most of the lands of South India. But they were also put into decline with the incoming of foreign traders into the country.

Apart from these three empowered empires, Pallavas, and many other kings ruled Indian society. But these three are the Dravidian kings of Asia.

Dravidian Architecture

Dravidian architecture is a peculiar kind of sculpting and chiseling out stones. All these architectural activities were found many centuries back. Even with the effective and efficient instruments and machinery of today, it is impossible to build the massive structures of old temples. Temples of South India is an apt example for explaining the Dravidian Architecture. The whole composition of matter consists of big hard rocks. Everything is made out of stone which is given a soul by the great sculptors. Sculptors are praised directly by the lord. They are capable of chiseling out the best of arts.

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture - Kannagi Kovalan Paintings Art

The basic structure is made of big towers which served to be the gateways for the devotees. There will be several steps in the towers with the openings at the bottom. It is called to be the Gopurams in Tamil. All the gopurams will have kalasams at the top arranged in a line.  Usually, there will be five kalasams in small temples and seven or nine in big temples. The inner side of the temple if we take will have compound walls, ground even made up of stones. Inside of the temples will be the so-called Mandapams which are used in those days for arranging functions and especially cultural activities like dance, songs, instrumental music concerts.

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture - Dravidian Sculpture

Temples , Pillars, Statues

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture -Maharishi Agastya Sculpture

The Mandapams will also have idols of god on the top of the ceiling. Many trees will also be at the temples. The mandapams will have pillars for withstanding the whole ceiling’s weight. Ashoka pillar is one of the famous pillars of Dravidian. Dravidian has this enriched talent by birth and also have extraordinary minds of projecting their ideas into beautiful arts and architecture. Some of the famous tourist places of Dravidian Architecture are Thanjavur Big temple and Madurai Meenakshi temple. Thanjavur (Tanjore) big temple called as the Prahadeeshwarar Temple is famous for its magnificent structure and carvings.

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture - Ancient Annamalaiyar Temple Thiruvannamalai

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture - Ancient AnnamalaiyarTemple Thiruvannamalai TamilNadu Aerial View

Madurai Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple has the thousand pillared mandapams and it is famous for its grand appearance. Not only the southern part of India has the unique architecture but also it exists in North India. In North India, Gwalior fort is one such notable place of Dravidian Architecture. Dravidian kings namely Cherar, Chola, Pandya, Pallava were fond of arts and architecture. All the kings of Dravidian nature had the great devotion to god. Hence, they showed their devotion and commitment to god with their majestic temples.

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture - Pattakadal Ancient Temple Tower

Dravidian Culture and Tradition

Dravidian culture is the conventional methodology followed in Southern parts of India. Ancient Dravidians had no rules and regulations for following. Then slowly as generations of time begin to run , the scene changed drastically. Then came the division of people according to caste, creed, race, region, occupation, etc. Following that person who are kings and other spiritual heads formulated certain regulations and made their people follow. Days began to run like a horse but the culture and tradition of Dravidians remained the Same.

Dravidian People languages Architecture - Dravidian Culture and Tradition - InfoGraphics

Starting from the clothing, eating habits, organizing of functions , every activity had its own nature. Firstly, clothing, Ladies used to wear sarees with long pallus made of cotton material. When it comes to Men, they wore dhotis with shirts. Even now if we consider  this is the dress code followed for any occasion. Next coming to the eating habits, in south India, Rice is the staple food. Dhal sambar with pappads and vegetable curries served in a banana leaf is the most common food cooked during a function. The highlight of the food is the side dish which is given namely vada and Payasam ( dessert-like the recipe).

All the regions of Dravidian culture, this food lies mandatory. Also, eating on banana leaf is really very good for health. Dravidian devotion to god is also shown in the same way in all the regions of Dravidian exposure. Wherever Dravidians stepped, they showed their innovative ideas through sculptures and idols.

Dravidian People languages Architecture Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Knowledges - Maritime Knowledge

Vedic History of Dravidians

Racial problems related to Dravidians was derived even from the Vedas which always teach well. According to Vedas, white indicates purity and dark indicate some impurity. But this is not the thing said to split humans but to create the difference between the god and the demons. Our people took this saying in a different manner and implemented it in people which made the way to racial discrimination. Thus called the Aryans to be good and of pure nature. Whereas Dravidians were betrayed only for their color.

Another form of historical data says that according to color, people were named and segregated although they were originally differentiated by their occupation. That is Brahmins were white, Kshatriyas as red and Vaishyas to be yellow. Even for gods colors were given,  for instance, Lord Krishna is blue which is considered to be a dark color. Similarly, if we take all the temples, the idols were made in black. But why are the gods are appreciated and praised whereas poor people were discouraged and put beside? This was the custom followed from ancient times till now. But with the development of d..

Why Were Dravidians Degraded?

Dravidians are the common people found in the southern part of India. India is a country of unity and diversity. There are various kinds of languages spoken, religious activities and customs practiced. But from the olden days till today, the color difference is the only thing which stands in front for having discrimination problems.
Dravidians are the people of the wealthy body, guts, and ambitious nature. Those times they were not given names for identification. Tamil kings who belong to Tamil Nadu state of South India ruled most of the lands of India.

Later, on account of belief, kings allowed Europeans inside their territories for trading purposes. They came in with new tradition and culture which covered Indian people. Slowly they started invading India and at last India was thoroughly got into their hands. That was the time when Europeans tried to clash Indian unity by different ideas. It was one of them.

Dravidians are the People who should be thought as a remembrance for their courage, manliness, and contribution. But Dravidians are not remembered for so reasons and that is because they are penalized for their color. Dravidian is the name given just to differentiate between people but later it changed to racial discrimination. It all happened after the entry of Europeans into India. Then slowly the situations changed due to the development in livelihood activities. At present, Dravidians are not put into the bad situation like before. Every individual is taken as the same and given equal respect. Irrespective of it there are places where blacks are degraded.

Dravidian – Courageous, eloquent and empowered People of India

Dravidian is just a name to the foreign countries but it is the breath for the South Indian People. The name still gives the pride while heard anywhere around the world. In ancient times, Dravidian acted as the backbone of the whole nation of India. Dravidians are the most important personalities who strived for the growth of India. Even though Dravidians went through several discouragements, they never gave up. Dravidians fought against all the critical situations and stood up in splendid appearance. The lands owned by the Dravidian kings and their rulings stands to be an unforgettable memory. The architecture of Dravidians is so marvelous that even today it is not possible to construct such wonderful temples. Dravidians are the symbol of pride and surprise factor of India. Proud to be a Dravidian, the living legends of India.

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