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Jallikattu, Sallikattu, Eruthaluvuthal, Manju Virattu – Traditional Game of Taming Bulls

Jallikattu Sallikattu Manju Virattu Yeruthazhuvuthal Yerukol Madu Pidithal Pollerudhu Pidithal - Traditional Game of Taming Bulls

Jallikattu aka Sallikattu, Eruthaluvuthal, Manju Virattu – Traditional Game of Taming Bulls

A crucial issue which is creating an unexpected protest in recent years is Jallikattu, a traditional game of Tamil Nadu People. Jallikattu or Bullfighting or Bull taming is played with Bulls (“Kaalai” in Tamil) and stands to be an important ancient sports act for many centuries. At present, Jallikattu is not happening in Tamil Nadu and is banned by the Supreme Court. All this happened for the safety and security of Dravidian People. But, the ban of Jallikattu in Tamil Nadu is not welcomed by Tamil People. A serious step towards bringing back our traditional game is continuously happening here and there in Tamil Nadu. Herewith, Dravidian explains about Jallikattu, the proud history, the story of banning Jallikattu, and finally the appeal against the banning. I hope so the forthcoming words will surely give you a good knowledge of Jallikattu and make you realize the importance and support our traditional play.

Jallikattu, Sallikattu, Manju Virattu - Traditional Game of Taming Bulls

History of Jallikattu – The Story of Origin

Jallikattu is a traditional and oldest cattle game played in Tamil Nadu. It is played by men so as to show off their manliness. The name “Jallikattu” is derived from the word “calli kacu” meaning ‘coins’ and “kattu” means a strong tie to the bulls’ horns in Tamil. Let us now see a detailed note on how Jallikattu came into existence and the procedure followed in our ancient period.

In medieval times, this play was popular among the Forest region (“Mulai” in Tamil) and it is personally related to the Bishops’ marriages. Even though Jallikattu was the proud game of Mulai region people, it was played with a keen interest in Madurai of Tamil Nadu. Jallikattu was celebrated as a cultural festival for commemorating the heroic spirit of Dravidian. In Sangam literature, all the specialties and facts about Jallikattu are clearly defined. In Kalithogai, an ancient Tamil book featuring the forest regions, Jallikattu was mentioned in many songs. The People of Kurinji land (Land of Hills) and Mullai land (Land of Forests) used to cheerfully conduct bullfight with their respective oxen. This symbolizes the fight between the two groups of people. The winning bull will give victory and Happiness to its respective land people.

Marriage Promise by the bishops

On the day before or on the day of the Bullfight, an event called “Kuravaikuthu” will be carried out. The event is conducted to appreciate or encourage the bullfighter by singing songs. If the event happens a day before Jallikattu, women will sing encouraging songs so as to win the game. If not, Kuravaikuthu will be performed in the evening. This time, women will sing songs to praise the victory. During Jallikattu, strong and powerful men will climb on top or make moves to get control of the bull. The man who wins the game will be married to a girl wearing jasmine on her hair. They believe that the masculinity of man can be finely interpreted through this game. The game play Jallikattu is said to be in practice since 2000 years ago. But it is believed that it must have come to appearance long before thousands of years. Bishops wearing a garland of flowers like Jasmine, Malabar Glory Lily will make a promise to everyone. According to the promise, their daughter should get married to the winner of Jallikattu. Following that, the bishops will sharpen the horns of the bull like the weapon of Lord Shiva. After that, the bulls will be taken to the ground to commence the program. The women whose fathers have promised will be made to stand or sit in order for watching the event.

Bullfighting and its consequences

Before starting with Jallikattu, the participants will pray to god for good results. Everybody will be made ready and the slot will be open. The bull enters with a great force. Anybody can get hold of the bull from any side. Most people climb and take control of the bull. While doing that, there are chances for the bull to tear the skin of the person. Even many deaths have occurred as a consequence of the happening.

In spite of having so many risks in this play, it is considered as our heroic play amongst Dravidians. A man who doesn’t win Jallikattu cannot be allowed to marry any bishop lady. So, the Tamils consider this game to be an ethnic symbol of their tradition. Although the play happened with several changes in terms of people and social conditions, there is no doubt that it depends on the culture.

The Meaning and Unknown facts of Jallikattu (Taming of Bulls)

“Jallikattu” is a bull taming game played in Tamil Nadu on the day of “Maatu Pongal”. It is mainly held in the Tamil Nadu villages as a cultural event. Every year, the festivals of Jallikattu are conducted from January to July. The major place of celebration is at Alanganallur near Madurai. Alanganallur Jallikattu is the most popular one amongst all.

Generally, Prey animals and herd animals have the habit of running away at unnecessary conditions. There are about 42 different types of bulls in existence. But Jallikattu bulls are exceptional ones which belong to a particular cattle breed descended from Kangeyam. They are pugnacious by nature and are usually gathered in hundreds. It is so fearful and mingles well only with their group of animals well. This cattle breed from Kangeyam is selected for Jallikattu festival. These bulls fight not because they are agitated or frightened, but because of their nature. Jallikattu is known by different names at different places. Some of the names include “Yeruthazhuvuthal”, “Yerukol”, “Madu Pidithal”, “Manju Virattu” and “Pollerudhu Pidithal”. All the words resemble the same meaning which is “taming of Bulls” or “chasing the Bull”. Bullfighting is basically categorized into three according to the place of play. They are discussed as follows:

a)Vadi Manju Virattu which takes place mostly in the districts of Madurai, Thanjavur, and Salem. In this category, the bull is released from a closed space. This is the common one where the bullfighter will try to catch the hump of the bull in order to win the award. Only one person is allowed at a time to attempt.

b)Vaeli Virattu is a popular play in the districts of Sivagangai, and Madurai. Here, the approach is slightly different where the bull is released into an open ground. There are chances for many bulls to run away from the ground. But there are bulls which stand still and fight with the Bullfighter. The rule is the same, that is, the fighter needs to cling on to the Bull’s hump for a particular period of time to achieve the prize.

c)Vadam Manju Virattu is a game play played with a rope. “Vadam” means rope in Tamil. Here, the bull will be tied to a 50 ft long rope. There are no restrictions for the bull and hence it can move freely anywhere. The maximum time period given is 30 minutes. A team of 7 to 9 members can attempt to seal the bull. A specialty of this game is the usage of rope which makes it possible for the spectators to watch without fear.

How is Bull Fight training given to the bulls?

First of all, Kangeyam calves will be selectively chosen for Jallikattu. From the early age itself, Nutritious diet will be fed to those Jallikattu bulls so as to become strong and sturdy beasts. Even, the bulls are made to do swimming exercises. The training continues till it reaches the adolescence age. After that, the bulls are taken to Jallikattu events to play. The bulls which play well will get a big fame amongst the crowd. Special training will be given to Vadam Manju Virattu bulls since the rules of the fight are different. Other than this, no training will be provided to the Jallikattu bulls.

Controversy and Ban of Jallikattu

Jallikattu is the most popular game and is emotionally connected with the village people especially the farmers. Jallikattu events are conducted as a gameplay and Bulls play a vital role. Many deaths have been encountered and also many injuries were held. In spite of that Tamils consider Alanganallur Jallikattu to be the symbol of cultural heritage and Tradition. Jallikattu is no longer into existence now because of the ban on May 7th, 2014. A major case was filed in the Supreme Court of India against Jallikattu. The step was taken by the Animal Welfare Board of India for an outright ban on Jallikattu. The reasons they kept before are animal cruelty and the threat to public safety. The court considered the reports of Jallikattu held from 2010 to 2014 which stated that there were more than 1100 injuries and 17 deaths as a result of Jallikattu. In the past twenty years, more than 200 deaths happened which was taken into account by the court. Following that, the court banned Jallikattu completely and stated it as an offense under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act. The Supreme Court also highlighted that any pan out against this judgment will meet with a severe penalty as per the act of 1960. The court also asked the Indian Government to amend the law on preventing cruelty to animals to bring bulls within its ambit.

Jallikattu – A must have ancient sport in Tamil Nadu

Jallikattu is our traditional sport played to benefit both the cattle and the human. There are two main misconceptions which resulted in Jallikattu Ban.

The first one is that many consider Jallikattu to be a sport which is just been conducted for an entertainment purpose. But it is absolutely not. Indian farmers are best friends of the cattle. They take care of cattle like their own child. From the childhood, cattle are grown up with loads of love and concern. Special care is given for Jallikattu Kangeyam Kaalai (Bull) from the beginning when it is a small calf. It is grown to become a Jallikattu bull and finally after the adolescent age, it is made to participate in the events. By this way, a farmer can able to make more money and also can take care of their bull in an efficient manner. That is a good time for both the man and the bull because it is the time of breeding. At this time, the bull will be very tough and strong by nature. The owners will tie coins to the horns of the bull and ask people to seal the bull. The one who wins can get the reward coins for themselves. This is a sport which is played to make the particular breed cattle live long.

The second misconception is “Humans are showing cruelty to the animal”. I obviously say “NO” to this because there is no harm done to the bull during the game. Also, no weapon is used to take control of the Jallikattu bulls. The only thing done is that people will climb on the bull to seal it and win the prize. There are certain risks in Jallikattu too. Chances are very high for the bull to tear man’s body. But it is not so frequently happening case. Jallikattu bull is the hero of the match. Only the bull can decide in which way it has to go. There is no restriction at all. Bullfighter, on the other hand, needs to be careful in order to keep them uninjured. Both the bull and the bullfighter are given training before they get into the game. They know how to get rid of the bull’s hit easily. Similarly, the bull knows what to do and how to escape from the bull tamers. This is a well known and a very fair sport.

Support Jallikattu – Join Hands to Save our Tradition

Jallikattu or Bullfighting belongs to Tamils and is on follow for the past 2000 years. Our ancestors are not fools to keep this as a sport for so many centuries. There are certain reasons which made Alanganallur Jallikattu survive for these many years. Jallikattu is mainly played to show off a man’s courage and heroic spirit. Bull taming is a very important game which played a vital role in lives of people and their marriages. A common man cannot get into Alanganallur Jallikattu. Proper rules and regulations are there for a man to participate in this Bullfight. One who knows about Jallikattu alone can win the trophy. In the same way, the bulls which participate are not the ones which used to roam here and there. But, the bulls are very much trained and are totally dedicated to this sport.

Unfortunately, there have been cases so far where the bull gores man’s body and take off his life. Many people even got injured by the bulls. Taking this reason into account and also the animal cruelty, Supreme Court took a very big decision. A possible solution for the problems is to increase the safety measures for both the bullfighters and the spectators. But ignoring and putting an end to the traditional game Jallikattu is totally unfair. The court’s judgment needs a sheer opposition. As Tamils, we need to realize our cultural heritage and strive hard to bring back our Alanganallur Jallikattu into existence. The remaining cultural heritage components among the people have to be included in the next generation with the help of Jallikattu. As a Dravidian, this is a small step taken by me to bring back our Jallikattu game. Don’t let our tradition disappear. Join hands to support Jallikattu.

We do Support for Jallikattu. hope we will conduct our traditional game play on Mattu Pongal ( 3rd Day of Thai Pongal)

Save Jallikattu, Supoort Jallikattu - Jallikattu, Sallikattu, Manju Virattu - Traditional Game of Taming Bulls

Christmas Celebrations in India, History, Images

Christmas Celebrations in India Christmas History Christmas Images

Christmas Celebrations – Joyous Festival of Lord Jesus

Christmas, a day of Ultimate happiness to mankind, is a day on which holy Jesus Christ Birth on Earth happened. In Bethlehem, long before 2000 years, Jesus Christ was born to Virgin Mary. People all over the world celebrate Christmas from midnight of 24th December. The birth of Jesus Christ will be grandly celebrated and prayers will be continued on 25th December also. The holy night is dedicated to the Lord Jesus and the time is always remembered for his spiritual birth. Lord Jesus came to this world as a baby and lived as a savior of Humankind. He totally sacrificed his wishes and helped the whole world in a possible way. This is the best celebration of the world with love, peace, and joy. Christmas celebrations are generally based upon some themes and signs so as to bring Happiness to People. Let us now navigate through the History and Celebration of Christmas

Christmas Tree - Christmas Celebrations in India Christmas History Christmas Images

History of Christmas

Christmas is a traditional festival celebrated all over the world with Joy. The method of celebration varies from place to place but the reason for celebration is the same everywhere. It is celebrated in remembrance of Holy Jesus Christ birthday. Can you just imagine how a great God born to a normal woman on Earth? There is a wonderful history of Jesus’s birth.

Mary and Her Life on Earth with Joseph

Israelites were a certain group of people who waiting a long time for Messiah’s Birth. Messiah was said to be the king of Kings. In Israel, a Baptist called John was prophesying about Jesus Birth and baptized many believers of his sayings. This happened during the first century of BC period. Joseph, a good human lived in Nazareth was a carpenter and betrothed to the religious Mary. Mary was actually the daughter of Anne and Joachim. Gabriel who was known to be the God’s angel spoke to Mary about her miraculous Pregnancy. He also told that it will due to the power of Holy Spirit and not because of a human. On knowing this secret, Joseph decided to leave Mary. But, Gabriel convinced him and thereby he chose to live as a Foster father of Jesus from then on. During that period, King Herod ordered all the citizens to register for the census in their respective hometowns. For this purpose, both Joseph and Mary traveled their way from Nazareth to Bethlehem.

Almighty King’s Birth on Earth

On reaching Bethlehem, labor pain started for Mary and she was in need to give birth to Jesus. They both went in search of the house to give birth to Jesus, but they failed in that. At last, a good person offered shelter to them in his cattle shed for the delivery. The baby boy was born in that shed as a peasant amidst the goats and the cows. Angels of heaven proclaimed about the birth of Savior Jesus nearby living beings. On hearing the Birth news, some three Kings from the south came with their camels and guiding comet. The comet reached the palace of King Herod and the news was informed to the King. Herod got angry on hearing the news of a mighty Lord’s birth. And further, he confirmed the place of birth as Bethlehem with his scholars on dice.

He decided and planned to kill the baby Jesus. Herod insisted the visiting kings inform about the baby so that he could make himself ready to commit the sin. The Kings traveled their way with guiding comet to the place of Jesus birth.They found him in a manger with Mary and Joseph. Gold, frankincense, and myrrh were offered to them and also paid their homage. On that very night, they were informed not to go back to Herod by the God’s Angel. They were also informed about the plan to kill the baby. They obeyed the Holy angel and Changed the route to their place. Herod noticed that there was no response from the kings and so he killed all the babies below the age of two. The real fact was the angel of God told Joseph in advance about this cruel behavior and asked him to take both mother and baby to Egypt. They continued to stay there until Herod’s Death.

Christmas Celebrations Worldwide

Christmas is a celebration of Jesus birth with stars and lights all over. The initial preparation and decorations for Christmas will begin generally from early December days all round the world. In the United States, Christmas Shopping starts immediately after Thanksgiving day. It is nothing but the third Thursday of November. People decorate their homes with colorful stars and lights in depiction to the guiding comet light. The crib set made of special grasses, bamboo with toys like the cow, goat, camel, three kings, shepherds and even tiny statues of Mary, Joseph, baby Jesus and angel will be arranged.

Christmas Village - Christmas Celebrations in India Christmas History Christmas Images

The whole setup will look like the real cattle shed where Jesus Christ was born. Decorated Beautiful Christmas trees with balls, lights and dolls will be present in every home and church before Christmas day. Days before Christmas, Church Carols will be moving from house to house by singing Christmas songs in chorus. This is actually done to commemorate the angels’ singing of Jesus’s Birth to the shepherds.

Christmas Celebration and Fireworks

When we say it’s Christmas, one bubbly person who comes to our mind is Santa Claus. It is usual to see Santa Claus, a very old man dressed in red color with a whitish beard, a cap, and a mustache. He used to move around with the Carol troupe. The main highlight is that he will greet everyone and offer sweets. This became a tradition in the later years, for Children’s Happiness. Even in schools and other public places like malls, offices, People dress like Santa Claus and present gifts to the people. Fireworks make the night sky glow with its sparkling colors every time you burst it. Crackers always play a vital role in every celebration. On 24th December, bang of Crackers will be heard at midnight in churches. Everyone will burst the fireworks to express their joy . The sound of crackers symbolizes the birth of Jesus. The kids will have complete excitement with sparklers and crackers all around. Following that, cake cutting will be done in house to express the joy. The Christmas day morning starts with yummy breakfast with delicious sweets and big lunch. The grand celebration also includes the distribution of cakes to families, friends, and neighbors with happy greetings. In recent days, many have started going to orphanages and old age homes to share their happiness with them by offering sweets and cakes. Christmas celebrations usually continue till New Year day.

Christmas – Celebration of the Birth of Holy Jesus on Earth

Human history divided into two with the birth of Jesus Christ. They are the period before Christ (BC) and the period after Christ (AD). Generally, Lord Jesus birth is celebrated as a day of Joy, Peace, and Prosperity all around the world. Christmas is one Big day on our Earth when the mighty creator came into this world as a savior to mankind. Christians are the ones who used to celebrate this festival in a grand manner. Nowadays, even other religion people have also started celebrating Christmas with fun. Jesus was born with admirable simplicity. He showed love to the poor, sinners and the downtrodden. Also, he healed their problems with ease. Jesus preached and led a very normal life like a human. He always wanted to follow his impeccable life and to love everyone. In this period, calls from Church will come to open our hearts and happily receive the baby Jesus on Earth. This is possible only with purity of heart and by giving love to others. Let us all celebrate this Happy Christmas with Love, Peace, and Joy. Wish You All Merry Christmas and a Prosperous New Year.

Katchatheevu Island History, Festival, Photos, Agreement

Katchatheevu Island History, Festival, Photos, Agreement

Kachatheevu issue is a never ending problem between India and Sri Lanka. Kachatheevu being the land of India is owned now by Sri Lankans. Kachatheevu has significant features and is highly valued. In this post, you are going to read the story of Kachatheevu and its related controversies by Dravidian. In its history, you can really make out the owner of Kachatheevu. Kachatheevu problem remains to be unsolved and is waiting to find its end. Along with all this, the agreement details are also attached for reference.

Kachatheevu Island – Island of India belonging to Sri Lanka

Katchatheevu (Kachchatheevu) is an island located at a small distance from Rameswaram, India. Katchatheevu is an idle island formed by the volcanic explodes a few centuries back. The entire island spreads over 1150 meters. In Katchatheevu there are no such wonderful places like in Lakshadweep or Andaman and Nicobar islands. But the Katchatheevu Island has its own kind of significance. Katchatheevu is also named to be the ‘Dispute Territory’.

Katchatheevu Island History Festival Photos Agreement - Katchatheevu Satellite Map

The name was actually due to its historical happenings. Katchatheevu is an island once owned by India but now it is into the hands of Sri Lanka. Another important attraction and the best tourist spot in Katchatheevu is the St.Antony’s Church. Katchatheevu is one of the finest places in between India and Sri Lanka. Katchatheevu has a great medicinal greeneries also. The 285-acre land, strategically important for fishing activities, was owned by the Ramanathapuram King alias Ramnad King (Raja of Ramnad)  and later became part of the Madras Presidency

History of Katchatheevu

Katchatheevu is a historically formed island nearby Southern part of India during the 14th century. The main reason behind the origin of Katchatheevu is the blast volcanic eruptions in the Indian ocean. Katchatheevu is not a big island comparatively and is a pretty small island. There are many medicinal plants grown in Katchatheevu. Katchatheevu after its mighty emergence came into the grab of Sethupathi king of Ramnad Kingdom. Ramanathapuram king ruled the most part of Katchatheevu. Before independence, it was one of eight islands under the control of Ramanathapuram Sethupathi kings.

Katchatheevu Island History Festival Photos Agreement - Katchatheevu Map

In the year 1480 due to the cyclone formed in the Bay of Bengal Rameswaram & 11 other island are formed in the Bay of Bengal. Katchatheevu is one of the islands among the eight islands owned by Ramanathapuram king Sethupathi. Trading of goods from Katchatheevu to the people in and around India was continuously followed. Ramnad king considered Katchatheevu to be very important. That is because there were the other seven islands surrounding Katchatheevu which are actually served by the same. The offerings of Katchatheevu includes its highly valued things of nature. Especially the roots of Katchatheevu is damn powerful and has extremely great medicinal values.

St.Anthony’s Church

St.Anthony Church is in Katchatheevu. It was built by a Tamilian Named as seenikuppan from the Ramnad Kingdom. He built for praising the lord of Fishing community and the guardian of the Mother Sea. It is a common Church which has devotees from both the sides namely Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. The church is called to be the holy place by Sri Lanka. The church was fully completed by 1905. The church has a century old tradition and Architecture. Even now it is so beautiful to look at and had best looks.

Katchatheevu Island History Festival Photos Agreement - St. Antony's shrine, Kachchatheevu

Every year thousands of Pilgrims come to Katchatheevu for celebrating St.Anthony church festival.  Katchatheevu festival has the biggest unity connecting the people between two countries. This year 2016 Katchatheevu festival was celebrated on February 28 with a crowd of about 5000 pilgrims. The pilgrims were not only from Sri Lanka but also from Sri Lanka. In order to bring the pilgrims to island 100 and above boats which work mechanically was arranged. The only good thing is that there are no controversial problems in worshiping the lord. One extremely bad thing is that during the festival Indian fishermen are allowed but their flags are not allowed to Katchatheevu. This literally shows their hatred towards Tamilians.

Katchatheevu Island History Festival Photos Agreement - St. Antony's shrine Festival , Kachchatheevu

Katchatheevu Controversy

The whole island of Katchatheevu was under Indian rule since the 17th century. The surprising fact was the ownership of Katchatheevu by Sri Lanka. When India came to know about the owning it was too late. Since then the foreign trade was happening but it actually increased and Changed after the 17th century. After which the intruders began to invade all the parts of India. They began to formulate their own rules and regulations. Sri Lankan king also slowly started to explain their own rule over Katchatheevu. The talk regarding the rule over of Katchatheevu ended into a big fight. Sri Lanka even though had no legal rights on Katchatheevu, they were so vigorous.

Their main aim was in getting Katchatheevu into their nest. Britishers found the controversy to be going very tough. So they thought of following their methodology of handling  the problem. Sri Lankan people and their king were furious and were not letting their leg go backward. This was during the 18th century during which India was with Britishers. So the Raja or the Tamil King was unable to interrupt into the rule of British people.

Katchatheevu Agreement

Katchatheevu, in order to have for India, became impossible with the new problem makers of Sri Lanka. Even though so many struggles were undergone the total crowd of Sri Lanka did not get convinced. The original ruler of Katchatheevu was India and the evidence regarding the issue was very much clear. But Sri Lanka ignored to accept their fault. The major thing repeated, again and again, was their rule over  the precious elements over there in Katchatheevu.

That was the time of independence struggle too. Great and tremendous leaders of India fought through nonviolence and won the independence by 1947. The whole picture turned after independence. In 1974, Katchatheevu was ceded to Sri Lanka by then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi through the Indo-Sri Lankan Maritime agreement to settle the maritime boundary in the Palk Strait with her counterpart Srimavo Bandaranaike. Till Indira Gandhi came to rule there were no big issues from India. But later Indira Gandhi planned to sign the agreement with Sri Lanka. The agreement was totally in favor of Sri Lanka. Katchatheevu agreement was signed in 1974.

According to that agreement, Katchatheevu is wholly gifted to Sri Lanka. Also, Sri Lanka has all the rights over Katchatheevu. Indian people can get the components of Katchatheevu if needed. The agreement of 1974 made Sri Lankans very Happy and proud. Later there were problems on fishing and controversies were going on between India and Sri Lanka. In order to reach for better solutions, another agreement was planned. The agreement was signed in 1976 regarding fishing activities.

Dispute between (Tamil Fisherman) Indian Fisherman and Srilankan Navy, Fisherman

According to that agreement, Indian fishermen are allowed to fish around the watery region of Katchatheevu. From that on Fishers use to fish in the sea nearby  Katchatheevu with complete freedom. Again the problem started after few years regarding fishing. Sri Lankan was very cruel and rude to the fishermen of Tamil Nadu who fishes near Katchatheevu.

Sri Lankan government even arrested fishermen and locked them in their own land. This major incident created a massive fire in India and Tamil Nadu especially. Thereafter Sri Lankans were not in a mood to compromise with Tamilians or any other Indians. Moreover, they started to commence war on poor Tamilians.This arrogance war killed thousands of people. Mr. Velupillai Prabhakaran, army man from Tamil Nadu fought for the Tamil people living in Sri Lanka. But that too was bashed out by Sri Lankan Head Mahinda Rajapaksa.

Till now people are ill-treated because of their nativity alone. Mr.Prabakaran is also shot dead by those bad humans. Now recently, his son was shot dead who was a little teenage boy. Katchatheevu is also playing a vital role in giving chances for augmenting in death rate.

Claiming of Katchatheevu

Now in the recent years, Tamil Nadu Chief Minister along with many politicians decided to get Katchatheevu back from Sri Lanka. This is because of the terrible happenings to the Tamil Fishermen. Tamil Fishermen were betrayed very badly. The idea of claiming back Katchatheevu made Sri Lankan furious. Since the issue is firing up high Chief Minister Jayalalithaa planned in order to extinguish it. Recently while meeting Prime Minister Narendra Modi Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa revealed the issue of Fishermen to him. Also, she spoke about getting back of Katchatheevu from Sri Lanka in order to reduce the Chaos. But the talk is still now going on. India still believes Katchatheevu to be part of itself and hence his to be returned back. This decision is mainly for ensuring safety and security to fishermen

Katchatheevu Island History Festival Photos Agreement - Kachchatheevu Images with SriLankan Flag

Many have been locked in Sri Lanka itself for their entry into the islet or near Sri Lankan border. Although this issue is going on one side the Sri Lankan government doesn’t want Indian fishermen to get into their island or their sea waters. In the recent 2014, Sri Lankan government strictly narrated about the entry of fishermen. Similarly, in 2015 Sri Lankan Prime Minister openly said that if any fishermen enter into Sri Lankan border they will be shot dead. And this is exactly the current scenario. Only the higher authorities need to get with a good solution to save poor Tamilians (Tamilans) and their respective families.

Kachatheevu Island – The island of Controversies

Kachatheevu, an island with many controversies and problems remains to be unsolved. The major issue revolving around Kachatheevu is the border problem. Because of the crossing of the border by Indian fisherman, Srilankans are irritated and tortures the poor people. Consequently, the fishermen along with the family are suffering the pain. This is all due to the Kachatheevu ownership. There are plans for getting the Kachatheevu back but are not executed properly. People are valuing the land more than the life of man. Only if this attitude is changed everything can get resolved.

Dravidian People, Languages, History, Culture, Architecture

Dravidian People, Languages, History, Culture, Architecture

Dravidian, the name of pride South Indian people sounds great to the world even today. Dravidians by themselves have an incomparable history which falls in the late centuries. Dravidians were the mighty rulers of great kingdoms covering most of the parts of India. Each feature of a true Dravidian showcases the livelihood of Indians in the past times. On the other hand, Dravidians are known to be the native language speakers of India. Especially, the languages of South India are considered as the languages of Dravidian. Herewith, you can go through the complete knowledge about the Dravidian people, Dravidian languages, Dravidian Architecture and also the ancient history of Dravidian dynasties. But the major problem rose was the degradation of Dravidian in the society by the white Indians. The issue was basically between the Aryans ( people of North India) and the Dravidians ( People of South India ). In this blog, you will find the reason behind the color discrimination in The Indian nation.

Dravidian – The Mighty people of Spectacular India

Dravidian is a single name which is assigned to broad categories of people. The name arose by taking into account different set of considerations. Those include the color, language, culture, tradition or nativity. But, In general, Dravidian is the name given to people belonging to India especially South India. Even though, Dravidian resides in many parts of the world their specialty lies in South India. Dravidians have several unique features and also are the specialist in multiple fields.

Dravidian People languages Architecture - Dravidian Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Landscape

Dravidian People

From the ancient period, people with black color age termed as Dravidian people. Originally, Indian color is basically considered to be black. So, originated the name called Dravidian for the people of India. Most people in South India had a black complexion. On the contrary, people of North India were whitish in appearance. So, people in the whole of India cannot be called as Dravidian. As a solution, North Indians were given a name called Aryans and people of South India are named as Dravidian.

This happened very long years ago over centuries back. This, in turn, gave rise to a massive racism in India. Initially, Racism was introduced by the Europeans into India. Racism not only split Indian people but also the unity amongst them. Even now racial discrimination is practiced in many areas of the country of India.

Dravidian Language

In India, Dravidians are the people belonging to all the five regions of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Dravidians speak the native languages of South India which comprise of Tamil of Tamil Nadu, Malayalam of Kerala, Telugu of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. All the four states are popular as well as considered important among all the states of India and contribute more towards Indian economy. Each language has its own significance.

Dravidian People Culture Tradition Architecture and Dravidian languages Family Map

Dravidian People Culture Tradition Architecture and Dravidian languages Map

Firstly, Tamil if we take it is a special and a language of fame all over the world. Tamil people are also called to be the Adhi Dravidians. ‘Adhi’ means long years ago and ‘Dravidian’ means the people of South India. Thus the word ‘Adhi Dravidian’ indicate that they are the native residents of Tamil Nadu, India for many centuries. The following generations are also bought in the similar manner falling into the category of Dravidians. Likewise, all the native speakers of native languages of South India are named to be Dravidians because of their history of Nativity.

Dravidian Dynasty

Dravidian places of today are Dravidian dynasty includes the dynasties of various historical rulers of Dravidians. The popular rulers of that time are the three rules called as Cherar, Cholan, and Pandyan. These three rulers owned most of India and were the famous three Tamil Kings of Ancient times. The Dravidian states of today are owned and ruled by these three majestic kings. All the three have their own style of the dynasty and its own specialties.

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture - Ancient Temple Tower

Chera Dynasty

Cheras ruled the parts of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Cherar was a very dynamic king who ruled the Indian kingdom during the period between 3rd to 10th century. All the records of Cheran are enlisted in Sangam literature. Checovers the area near the Arabian coasts. Amongst all, Cheran Senguttuvan is one such famous king who conquered many places. He belongs to the early age period. Later, came the next generation Cheran and they were called to be the Kulashekaras. Cheras had extensive trade with the outside world and gained a lot of wealth.

Chola Dynasty

Cholas are one of the three Tamil kings of Kingdom. All the three kings were Hindu people. First one is Vijayalaya Chola. Chola dynasty extends for a longer range of lands. The kingdom covers a vast area comprising of Kerala, Tamil Nadu and most parts of South and South East Asia. Rajaraja Chola started the ruling of Dravidians and following him lined up his generational personalities. They are Rajendran Cholan, Rajadhiraja Cholan, Kulothunga Cholan, Veerarajendra Cholan. The long kingdom extended from Maldives to Andhra Pradesh. The growth of cholas was tremendously high. But every happening has an end. Likewise, Cholan dynasty began to Decline slowly with the emergence of Pandyas. Cholas went into decline by the 13th century.

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture - Grand Anicut Kallanai Dam

Pandya Dynasty

Pandyas were ruling Dravidians as well as Aryans. Over the centuries from 6th to 17th century, they Pandya rule was at a peak. The Strong kingdom was established by Pandyas all over the regions of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh. They had enormously super power both in terms of manpower and weapons. Among the rulers of Pandya dynasty rule, Nedunjezhiyan was very powerful and had extreme commanding capabilities.  With their army , Pandyas conquered most of the lands of South India. But they were also put into decline with the incoming of foreign traders into the country.

Apart from these three empowered empires, Pallavas, and many other kings ruled Indian society. But these three are the Dravidian kings of Asia.

Dravidian Architecture

Dravidian architecture is a peculiar kind of sculpting and chiseling out stones. All these architectural activities were found many centuries back. Even with the effective and efficient instruments and machinery of today, it is impossible to build the massive structures of old temples. Temples of South India is an apt example for explaining the Dravidian Architecture. The whole composition of matter consists of big hard rocks. Everything is made out of stone which is given a soul by the great sculptors. Sculptors are praised directly by the lord. They are capable of chiseling out the best of arts.

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture - Kannagi Kovalan Paintings Art

The basic structure is made of big towers which served to be the gateways for the devotees. There will be several steps in the towers with the openings at the bottom. It is called to be the Gopurams in Tamil. All the gopurams will have kalasams at the top arranged in a line.  Usually, there will be five kalasams in small temples and seven or nine in big temples. The inner side of the temple if we take will have compound walls, ground even made up of stones. Inside of the temples will be the so-called Mandapams which are used in those days for arranging functions and especially cultural activities like dance, songs, instrumental music concerts.

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture - Dravidian Sculpture

Temples , Pillars, Statues

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture -Maharishi Agastya Sculpture

The Mandapams will also have idols of god on the top of the ceiling. Many trees will also be at the temples. The mandapams will have pillars for withstanding the whole ceiling’s weight. Ashoka pillar is one of the famous pillars of Dravidian. Dravidian has this enriched talent by birth and also have extraordinary minds of projecting their ideas into beautiful arts and architecture. Some of the famous tourist places of Dravidian Architecture are Thanjavur Big temple and Madurai Meenakshi temple. Thanjavur (Tanjore) big temple called as the Prahadeeshwarar Temple is famous for its magnificent structure and carvings.

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture - Ancient Annamalaiyar Temple Thiruvannamalai

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture - Ancient AnnamalaiyarTemple Thiruvannamalai TamilNadu Aerial View

Madurai Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple has the thousand pillared mandapams and it is famous for its grand appearance. Not only the southern part of India has the unique architecture but also it exists in North India. In North India, Gwalior fort is one such notable place of Dravidian Architecture. Dravidian kings namely Cherar, Chola, Pandya, Pallava were fond of arts and architecture. All the kings of Dravidian nature had the great devotion to god. Hence, they showed their devotion and commitment to god with their majestic temples.

Dravidian People languages Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Architecture - Pattakadal Ancient Temple Tower

Dravidian Culture and Tradition

Dravidian culture is the conventional methodology followed in Southern parts of India. Ancient Dravidians had no rules and regulations for following. Then slowly as generations of time begin to run , the scene changed drastically. Then came the division of people according to caste, creed, race, region, occupation, etc. Following that person who are kings and other spiritual heads formulated certain regulations and made their people follow. Days began to run like a horse but the culture and tradition of Dravidians remained the Same.

Dravidian People languages Architecture - Dravidian Culture and Tradition - InfoGraphics

Starting from the clothing, eating habits, organizing of functions , every activity had its own nature. Firstly, clothing, Ladies used to wear sarees with long pallus made of cotton material. When it comes to Men, they wore dhotis with shirts. Even now if we consider  this is the dress code followed for any occasion. Next coming to the eating habits, in south India, Rice is the staple food. Dhal sambar with pappads and vegetable curries served in a banana leaf is the most common food cooked during a function. The highlight of the food is the side dish which is given namely vada and Payasam ( dessert-like the recipe).

All the regions of Dravidian culture, this food lies mandatory. Also, eating on banana leaf is really very good for health. Dravidian devotion to god is also shown in the same way in all the regions of Dravidian exposure. Wherever Dravidians stepped, they showed their innovative ideas through sculptures and idols.

Dravidian People languages Architecture Culture and Tradition - Dravidian Knowledges - Maritime Knowledge

Vedic History of Dravidians

Racial problems related to Dravidians was derived even from the Vedas which always teach well. According to Vedas, white indicates purity and dark indicate some impurity. But this is not the thing said to split humans but to create the difference between the god and the demons. Our people took this saying in a different manner and implemented it in people which made the way to racial discrimination. Thus called the Aryans to be good and of pure nature. Whereas Dravidians were betrayed only for their color.

Another form of historical data says that according to color, people were named and segregated although they were originally differentiated by their occupation. That is Brahmins were white, Kshatriyas as red and Vaishyas to be yellow. Even for gods colors were given,  for instance, Lord Krishna is blue which is considered to be a dark color. Similarly, if we take all the temples, the idols were made in black. But why are the gods are appreciated and praised whereas poor people were discouraged and put beside? This was the custom followed from ancient times till now. But with the development of d..

Why Were Dravidians Degraded?

Dravidians are the common people found in the southern part of India. India is a country of unity and diversity. There are various kinds of languages spoken, religious activities and customs practiced. But from the olden days till today, the color difference is the only thing which stands in front for having discrimination problems.
Dravidians are the people of the wealthy body, guts, and ambitious nature. Those times they were not given names for identification. Tamil kings who belong to Tamil Nadu state of South India ruled most of the lands of India.

Later, on account of belief, kings allowed Europeans inside their territories for trading purposes. They came in with new tradition and culture which covered Indian people. Slowly they started invading India and at last India was thoroughly got into their hands. That was the time when Europeans tried to clash Indian unity by different ideas. It was one of them.

Dravidians are the People who should be thought as a remembrance for their courage, manliness, and contribution. But Dravidians are not remembered for so reasons and that is because they are penalized for their color. Dravidian is the name given just to differentiate between people but later it changed to racial discrimination. It all happened after the entry of Europeans into India. Then slowly the situations changed due to the development in livelihood activities. At present, Dravidians are not put into the bad situation like before. Every individual is taken as the same and given equal respect. Irrespective of it there are places where blacks are degraded.

Dravidian – Courageous, eloquent and empowered People of India

Dravidian is just a name to the foreign countries but it is the breath for the South Indian People. The name still gives the pride while heard anywhere around the world. In ancient times, Dravidian acted as the backbone of the whole nation of India. Dravidians are the most important personalities who strived for the growth of India. Even though Dravidians went through several discouragements, they never gave up. Dravidians fought against all the critical situations and stood up in splendid appearance. The lands owned by the Dravidian kings and their rulings stands to be an unforgettable memory. The architecture of Dravidians is so marvelous that even today it is not possible to construct such wonderful temples. Dravidians are the symbol of pride and surprise factor of India. Proud to be a Dravidian, the living legends of India.

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Image Courtesy:
https://en.wikipedia.org
http://www.elixirofknowledge.com
http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.in/2012/01/jayasree-on-arctic-vedas-and-dravidians.html
2ndlook.wordpress.com/2009/04/06/dravidian-history-no-one-talks-about/